Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Body Mindfulness Questionnaire
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The body is central in many mindfulness-based interventions. Body mindfulness has been defined as observing body experiences and as a consequence appreciating body experiences. Since only a few psychometrically sound questionnaires are available to measure the observing aspect of body mindfulness and no scale specifically addresses the appreciating aspect of body mindfulness, the Body Mindfulness Questionnaire (BMQ) was created. This study presents the development and the psychometric evaluation of the BMQ. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses suggested two scales: “Experiencing Body Awareness” and “Appreciating Body Awareness”. Evidence for the reliability (internal consistency and retest reliability), validity (factorial validity and construct validity), and sensitivity to change is reported. The findings suggest that the BMQ is a valid and reliable instrument that allows assessment of essential facets of body mindfulness.
KeywordsMindfulness Body Assessment Embodiment
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
All authors declare no conflicts of interests.
All procedures performed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The Research Ethics Committee of the German Psychological Association approved the trial on MBCT and CBASP for chronically depressed patients (JM072009).
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
The trial on MBCT and CBASP for chronic depression was funded by the German Science Foundation (Mi 700/4-1).
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