Mindfulness

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 553–559 | Cite as

Does Change in Self-reported Mindfulness Mediate the Clinical Benefits of Mindfulness Training? A Controlled Study Using the French Translation of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire

  • Alexandre Heeren
  • Sandrine Deplus
  • Virginie Peschard
  • François Nef
  • Ilios Kotsou
  • Christophe Dierickx
  • Laurie Mondillon
  • Donald J. Robinaugh
  • Pierre Philippot
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Mindfulness training improves mental health and psychological functioning. Although several questionnaires have been developed to measure mindfulness, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is currently one of the most widely used scales. However, uncertainty remains about whether the effects of mindfulness training can be unambiguously attributed to change in self-reported mindfulness. The present study was designed to answer three major questions: First, relative to a wait-list group, does participation in mindfulness training lead to changes in self-reported mindfulness among a mixed sample of individuals presenting stress-related problems, illness, anxiety, and chronic pain? Second, are changes in mindfulness associated with changes in psychological distress? Third, do changes in mindfulness mediate the effects of mindfulness training on the decrease in psychological distress? We used the French translation of the FFMQ in a Belgian sample. Relative to a wait-list control, mindfulness training led to a change in self-reported mindfulness and psychological distress. Further, changes in mindfulness mediated the effects of mindfulness training on a decrease in psychological distress.

Keywords

Mindfulness training FFMQ MBIs 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandre Heeren
    • 1
  • Sandrine Deplus
    • 1
  • Virginie Peschard
    • 1
  • François Nef
    • 1
  • Ilios Kotsou
    • 1
  • Christophe Dierickx
    • 2
  • Laurie Mondillon
    • 3
  • Donald J. Robinaugh
    • 4
  • Pierre Philippot
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychological Sciences Research IntstituteUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.Unité de Psychologie Clinique Cognitive et Comportementale - Clinique Psychologique et Logopédique de l’Université de LiègeUniversité de LiègeLiègeBelgium
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, CNRS UMR 6024Université de Clermont-FerrandClermont-FerrandFrance
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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