Mindfulness

, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 552–565 | Cite as

The Spanish Version of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS): Measurement Invariance and Psychometric Properties

  • Christopher J. Johnson
  • John S. Wiebe
  • Osvaldo F. Morera
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

We examined the measurement invariance and psychometric properties of a Spanish-language version of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) in a U.S. sample. A total of 609 undergraduate students, including 325 bilingual (Spanish-speaking) participants, from a Hispanic-majority institution completed the assessment battery and were included in the analyses. The MAAS and the Spanish-language Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS-SP) were shown to be equivalent via multigroup confirmatory factor analysis models testing configural, metric, and scalar invariance. A test of latent mean differences indicated a small, but statistically significant cross-language difference in trait mindfulness as construed by the MAAS, as the latent mean of the MAAS-SP was slightly higher compared with the latent mean of the MAAS. The MAAS-SP evidenced good psychometric properties and concurrent validity. Taken together, findings support the reliability and validity of the MAAS and MAAS-SP in measuring mindfulness across languages. Future studies could continue efforts aimed at examining the structure of mindfulness and its facets across languages.

Keywords

Mindfulness Mindful Attention Awareness Scale Spanish Measurement invariance Assessment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher J. Johnson
    • 1
  • John S. Wiebe
    • 2
  • Osvaldo F. Morera
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUtah State UniversityLoganUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Texas at El PasoEl PasoUSA

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