, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 550–553 | Cite as

Generation of Plasmid DNA Expressing Species-Specific Horse VEGF164 and FGF2 Factors for Gene Therapy

  • Y. A. Litvin
  • E. Yu Zakirova
  • M. N. Zhuravleva
  • A. A. RizvanovEmail author


In this study, we have generated a dual expression cassette plasmid DNA (pDNA) construct containing the species-specific horse (Equus caballus) codon optimized sequence encoding potent pro-angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF164) and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) under eukaryotic promoters (EF-1α and CMV promoters, respectively). We have demonstrated effective and simultaneous recombinant proteins expression in vitro. Resulting pDNA is suitable for potential gene therapy applications in horses.


Plasmid DNA Gene therapy Horse Vascular endothelial growth factor 164 Fibroblast growth factor 2 



This work is performed according to the Russian Government Program of Competitive Growth of Kazan Federal University and subsidy allocated to Kazan Federal University for the state assignment in the sphere of scientific activities. Some of the experiments were conducted using the equipment of Interdisciplinary center for collective use of Kazan Federal University supported by the Ministry of Education of Russia (ID RFMEFI59414X0003), Interdisciplinary Center for Analytical Microscopy, and Pharmaceutical Research and Education Center, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. A. Litvin
    • 1
  • E. Yu Zakirova
    • 1
  • M. N. Zhuravleva
    • 1
  • A. A. Rizvanov
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Kazan Federal UniversityKazanRussia

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