Energy Systems

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 79–112 | Cite as

Africa—Integrated gas and electricity transmission planning in power generation and HVDC engineering in harnessing large-scale hydroelectric sites for interconnected regional power systems

Original Paper

Abstract

This Paper discusses integrated gas and electricity transmission planning in power generation and energy development in Africa with their benefits, and developments in HVDC Engineering Technology in harnessing large-scale hydroelectric sites for interconnected regional power systems. It focuses on the present status and future prospect of electricity infrastructure from the viewpoint of generation and transmission development, policies and lessons from global deregulation, advances in global research, and development (R&D) and strategies to influence Africa’s integration into the Global transition to knowledge-based economies. It examines regional power pools as an economic development paradigm by emphasizing the systems effects that lead to improving economical, ecological and technological efficiencies by the joint operation of power systems.

The paper goes on to discuss the energy crisis and development issues in Africa (strategic diagonal and convergent approach with components), the Southern African power pool development plan, and the Southern African short-term energy market. Active projects such as the Westcor project representing an initial phase of the large regional South African Power Pool are also discussed. The project showcases the new milestones in HVDC technology used to harness large hydro potential contributing to the pool. Also discussed is interconnection of the Gulf States that will facilitate reserve sharing between the systems and electricity trading between the Gulf States.

Energy Africa International practice Pool plan Integrated plan Energy-technology Structural transformation Diagonal and convergent approach Economy Environment Society Knowledge-based continent Cross-border trading Pricing of electrical energy Competitive markets Interconnection Grid systems HVDC back-to-back converter 400 kV transmission GIS substations Submarine cable Project financing Project implementation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Practices for Energy Development and Power GenerationUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Western Power Corridor Company (PTY) LTDGaboroneBotswana

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