Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 72, Issue 9, pp 2417–2431 | Cite as

Study of Tribological Properties of Nano-Sized Red Mud Particle-Reinforced Polyester Composites

  • S. Richard
  • J. SelwinRajadurai
  • V. ManikandanEmail author
  • M. Chithambara Thanu
  • V. Arumugaprabu
  • R. Deepak Joel Johnson
Technical Paper


Red mud (RM) in powder form is a waste substance obtained during extraction of pure alumina from Bauxite ore by Bayer’s method. In this work, this red mud is used as reinforcement in nano-sized particulate form in the unsaturated polyester matrix. The mean particle size of 720 nm, 612 nm, 475 nm, 263 nm, and 110 nm were produced by ball milling for the milling period of 6–30 h. The composites were prepared by varying the size of the particle and for different particle weight fraction of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 wt.%. The wear characteristics of these red mud particulate composites were studied, and the effect of the particle size variation and particle weight fraction were reported. Particle size and particle content were observed to play a major part in frictional characteristics of the composites. The reduction in specific wear rate was 47.72% for 110 nm particle size composite sample with a weight fraction of 2.5 wt.%, and it showed 39.28% reduction in coefficient of friction on comparing with that of pure cured polyester resin. Red mud particles were characterized by FTIR, XRD and AFM analysis. Worn-out surfaces were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) for morphological study.


Red mud Polymer composite Nanoparticulate Friction SEM 



We whole heartedly thank the management of Dr. Sivanthi Aditanar College of Engineering, Tiruchendur, and Govt. College of Engineering, Tirunelveli and Kalasalingam Academy of Research, Krishnankoil, Srivilliputhur, Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu, India, for providing all research facilities.


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Richard
    • 1
  • J. SelwinRajadurai
    • 2
  • V. Manikandan
    • 3
    Email author
  • M. Chithambara Thanu
    • 1
  • V. Arumugaprabu
    • 3
  • R. Deepak Joel Johnson
    • 3
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentSivanthi Aditanar College of EngineeringTiruchendurIndia
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentGovernment College of EngineeringTirunelveliIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKalasalingam Academy of Research and EducationKrishnankoilIndia

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