Fabrication and Properties Evaluation of Alumina-Based Open-Cell Foams

  • Raju VemooriEmail author
  • Ushashree Gurram
  • Asit Kumar Khanra
Technical Paper


Open-cell ceramic foams are new class of materials with wide range of engineering applications due to their unique combination of thermal, structural and mechanical properties. These materials have not been well explored in the field of energy absorption applications due to their inherent brittleness in nature. In the present investigation, the alumina (Al2O3)-based ceramic foams with different pore sizes such as 10 PPI, 20 PPI, 30 PPI (pores per inch) were fabricated by the polymer sponge replication process. Attempt was made to modify the brittle nature of ceramic foams with energy absorption property by aluminium molten metal infiltration. All the fabricated samples were tested under quasistatic compression test. This study revealed that 30 PPI foam had high energy absorption property compared to all other foams, and also this energy absorption properties had been significantly enhanced through infiltration due to composite effect.


Al2O3 foams Infiltration Polyurethane foam (PUF) Pores per inch (PPI) Compression 


  1. 1.
    Biswas P, Ramavath P, Nair C M, Suresh M B, Ravi N, and Johnson R, Ceram Int 42 (2016) 10572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schwartzwalder K, and Somers A V, Method of Making Porous Ceramic Articles, US Patent No. 3090094, May 21, 1963.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Studart A R, Gonzenbach U T, Tervoort E, and Gauckler L J, J Am Ceram Soc 89 (2006) 1771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Maiti S K, Gibson L J, and Ashby M F, Acta Metall 32 (1984) 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mahajan Y R, and Johnson R, in Materials Research: Current Scenario and Future Projections, (ed) Chidambaram R, Materials Research Society of India, 2002 (in press).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lefebvre L-P, Banhart J, and Dunand D C, Porous Metals and Metallic Foams: Current Status and Recent Developments.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Then P M, and Day J P, Interceram 49 (2000) 20.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yukihiro Y, Japan Patent No. JP11264-682A2, 28 September, 1999.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Alvin M A, Lippert T E, and Lane J E, Am Ceram Soc Bull 70 (1991) 1491.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Degischer H P, and Kriszt B, Handbook of Cellular Metals: Production, Processing, Applications, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mahajan Y R, Johnson R, Saha B P, Bhattacharjee S, and Rao V V S, Indian Patent Application No. 30/MAS/99, 7 January, 1999.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Raju V, Johnson R, and Khanra A K, J Alloys Compd 750 (2018) 71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringNational Institute of Technology WarangalWarangalIndia

Personalised recommendations