Structural, Micromechanical and Tribological Characterization of Zn–Ni Coatings: Effect of Sulfate Bath Composition
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Zn and Zn–Ni alloy coatings were electrodeposited on mild steel from sulfate-based bath containing Sn as additive. The effect of Ni content on the microstructure, morphology, microhardness and the tribological behavior of these coatings were studied and discussed. Adding Sn in the sulfate bath had a significant effect on the surface morphology, particularly on the Zn–8 wt% Ni coatings. By increasing the Ni concentration from 8 to 14 wt%, the X-ray patterns showed that the phase structure of Zn–Ni alloy coatings was changed from η-phase Ni3Zn22 to γ-phase Ni5Zn21. The plastic deformation and delamination were found to be wear mechanisms for the investigated coatings. While the Zn–14 wt% Ni alloys had the best wear resistance, Zn films had the most severe wear volume loss and the highest friction coefficient.
KeywordsZn–Ni coatings Electrodeposition Sulfate bath Sn Tribological behavior
The authors gratefully acknowledge the help and support of Professor Mongi Feki from the Laboratory of Materials Engineering and Environment (National Engineering School of Sfax; Sfax; Tunisia).
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