Advertisement

Influence of Pin Profile on the Tool Plunge Stage in Friction Stir Processing of Al–Zn–Mg–Cu Alloy

  • Vivek V. Patel
  • Vishvesh J. Badheka
  • Abhishek Kumar
Technical Paper

Abstract

Friction stir processing (FSP) is a solid state process for refining the microstructure. Though FSP has shown significant impact in manufacturing industry, a detailed investigation is needed for further development of the process. The current article presented an experimental investigation on tool plunge stage by using different pin profiles such as conical, square, pentagonal and hexagonal. Influence of pin profiles on the temperature distribution around the tool during plunge has been studied. Thermocouples were placed at two different locations around the tool in the workpiece of Al–Zn–Mg–Cu alloy and temperatures were measured simultaneously at both the locations. FSP tools with different pin profiles under same process parameters were used to study the effects of pin profile on the temperature of the workpiece. Temperature profile was found to be asymmetric around the tool. During plunging stage, it was observed that the temperature due to plastic deformation at pin was less than the temperature caused by friction on the workpiece. Compared to other pin profiles, pentagon pin generated more temperature during the plunging. Further, tool shoulder had significant influence on the workpiece temperature compared to tool pin.

Keywords

7075 Conical Friction Hexagon Pentagon Pin Plunge Square Temperature 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors wish to thank to the RESPOND project (ISRO/RES/4/567/09-10) of ISRO for the machine facilities under this project. Authors are extending gratitude to the reviewer(s) for reviewing this paper.

References

  1. 1.
    Thomas W M, Nicholas E D, Needham J C, Murch M G, Templesmith P, and Dawes C J (1991). Patent Application No. 9125978.8.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mishra R S, and Mahoney M W, Mater Sci Forum 357 (2001) 507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gibson B, Lammlein D H, Prater T J, Longhurst W R, Cox C D, Ballun M C, Dharmaraj K J, Cook G E, and Strauss A M, J Manuf Process 16 (2014) 56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Patel V V, Badheka V J, and Kumar A, Procedia Technol 23 (2016) 537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    St. Węglowski M, Weld Int 28 (2014) 583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gan W-Y, Zheng Z, Zhang H, and Tao P, Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China 24 (2014) 975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kapoor R, Kandasamy K, Mishra R, Baumann J, and Grant G, Mater Sci Eng A 561 (2013) 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Węglowski M S, and Dymek S, Arch Civil Mech Eng 13 (2013) 186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Behnagh R A, Besharati Givi M, and Akbari M, Mater Manuf Process 27 (2012) 636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Alidokht S A, Abdollah-zadeh A, Soleymani S, Saeid T, and Assadi H, Mater Charact 63 (2012) 90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mahmoud T, and Mohamed S, Mater Sci Eng A 558 (2012) 502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sharma V, Prakash U, and Kumar B M, J Mater Process Technol 224 (2015) 117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Patel V V, Badheka V, and Kumar A, Mater Manuf Process 31 (2016) 1573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bahrami M, Givi M K B, Dehghani K, and Parvin N, Mater Des 53 (2014) 519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Salari E, Jahazi M, Khodabandeh A, Ghasemi-Nanesa H, Mater Des 58 (2014) 381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gadakh V S, and Adepu K, J Mater Res Technol 2 (2013) 370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mandal S, Rice J, and Elmustafa A, J Mater Process Technol 203 (2008) 411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Venukumar S, Yalagi S, and Muthukumaran S, Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China 23 (2013) 2833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang D-A, Chao C-W, Lin P-C, and Uan J-Y, J Mater Process Technol 210 (2010) 1942.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Patel V V, Sejani D J, Patel N J, Vora J J, Gadhvi B J, Padodara N R, and Vamja C D, Metallogr Microstruct Anal 5 (2016) 142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Farias A, Batalha G F, Prados E F, Magnabosco R, and Delijaicov S, Wear 302 (2013) 1327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bisadi H, Rasaee S, and Farahmand M, Trans Indian Inst Met 67 (2014) 989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Song M, and Kovacevic R, Int J Mach Tools Manuf 43 (2003) 605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hamilton C, Dymek S, and Sommers A, Int J Mach Tools Manuf 48 (2008) 1120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chen C, and Kovacevic R, Int J Mach Tools Manuf 43 (2003) 1319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Patel V V, Badheka V, and Kumar A, Metallogr Microstruct Anal 5 (2016) 278. doi: 10.1007/s13632-016-0285-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pandit Deendayal Petroleum UniversityGandhinagarIndia

Personalised recommendations