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The distribution and mobility of mercury from artisanal gold mining in river sediments and water, Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia

  • Wawan BudiantaEmail author
  • Fraga Luzmi Fahmi
  • Arifudin
  • I. Wayan Warmada
Original Article
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Abstract

Traditional gold mining, in which mercury is still used to process the ore, is widespread in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to investigate the distribution and mobility of mercury in river sediments and water in Banyumas, Central Java. River sediment and water samples were collected from several places, using a systematic random method, and then analyzed in the laboratory. The results showed that the mining activities in the study area were the main source of the mercury in the river water and sediments. The mercury concentrations in river water and sediments were high relative to those found in other areas, perhaps because there have been mining activities in this area for a long time and mercury had accumulated in the sediments. The high percentage of bioavailable mercury in the river sediments suggests that the mercury in the river sediments was relatively mobile and had the potential to directly pollute the environment when released into the river water and taken up by aquatic organisms.

Keywords

Artisanal gold mining Mercury River water River sediments Mobility 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors thank to Ministry of Research and Technology of Indonesia for providing research grant. Authors also thank to Professor Hans Ruppert of University of Goettingen Germany for discussion during conducted the research.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departemen Teknik Geologi, Fakultas TeknikUniversitas Gadjah MadaYogyakartaIndonesia

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