Multi-proxy evidence for paleoclimate evolution performed on a paleolake sediment core in the East Asian Monsoon Region

  • Longjuan Cheng
  • Wei YeEmail author
Original Article


A sediment succession from a paleolake in the Hangjiahu Plain, Southeast China, covering the period 11.4–5.0 cal ka BP was studied using grain size, total organic carbon (TOC), organic carbon isotope (δ13Corg), C/N ratio, pollen, carbonate and its carbon and oxygen isotopes (δ18Ocarb and δ13Ccarb) analysis to reconstruct climate changes. The methods of redundancy analysis (RDA) ordination and correlation analysis (CA) were employed to quantify the influence of geochemical indexes on the biological index (the pollen) and to explain the environmental significance of each proxy more scientifically and accurately, so as to provide more reliable indication for the reconstruction of the paleoclimate. The reconstruction, supported by the AMS 14C age modelling, indicates climatic evolution during the Early–Middle Holocene period, at least, experienced four stages: (1) a period of gradual warm and humid during the early Holocene (11.4–8.7 cal ka BP). (2) A middle continuous cold–dry stage (8.7–8.0 cal ka BP), precipitation and temperature declined revealed by the proxies. (3) 8.0–6.6 cal ka BP, which was the wettest and warmest stages in the climate change sequence, precipitation, and temperature increased markedly, and this stage was consistent with the Holocene Climate Optimum. (4) A cold–dry period during the middle Holocene (6.6–5.0 cal ka BP), and particularly worth mentioning was that a large number of Oryza pollens were found which indicated the rice-based agriculture developed. In particular, the Liangzhu Culture in this region appeared at this time.


Early–middle Holocene Climate reconstruction Geochemical indexes Pollen Redundancy analysis ordination Correlation analysis 



This research was funded by a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC#41371206). We are grateful to Mr. Wenchen Lu and Ms. Lixia Li for their help in sampling pollen and grain size from the BHQ core in the laboratory and to Dr. Chunhai Li, Dr. Giri Kattel and Dr. Wen Li for their help revise the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and LimnologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Geography and Environmental SciencesZhejiang Normal UniversityJinhuaChina

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