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Stable isotope characteristics of different water bodies in the Lhasa River Basin

  • Jiutan Liu
  • Zongjun GaoEmail author
  • Min Wang
  • Yingzhi Li
  • Chen Yu
  • Mengjie Shi
  • Hongying Zhang
  • Yuanyuan Ma
Original Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Stable hydrogen and oxygen in different water bodies were investigated to understand the isotopic characteristics in the Lhasa River Basin. A total of 73 water samples were collected from the river, well and spring in this study. The stable isotopic compositions of different water bodies are influenced by evaporation, and the slope of the local meteoric water line deviates slightly from that of the global meteoric water line. The slopes of the surface water, groundwater and spring water lines are smaller than that of the global meteoric water line. The surface water originates from not only atmospheric precipitation but also glacial/snow meltwater, especially in the Dang River, the upper reaches of the Lhasa River and the Duilong River. The groundwater is derived from meteoric water, and there are certain differences between the source and the cyclic process of groundwater at different locations and depths. Spring water is conjunctively recharged by groundwater, surface water and precipitation, but groundwater is the main source of spring water. The altitude effect of hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in river water is not obvious in the whole basin, but it is noticeable in some areas due to the effect of climate and temperature. Surface water, groundwater and spring water have a relationship of reciprocal recharge, and the miscibility of groundwater is the strongest, with recharge from multiple water sources.

Keywords

Stable isotopes Different water bodies Recharge relationship Altitude effect Lhasa River Basin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Center for Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology Survey, CGS (112120114059601, DD20160298).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiutan Liu
    • 1
  • Zongjun Gao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Min Wang
    • 1
  • Yingzhi Li
    • 2
  • Chen Yu
    • 1
  • Mengjie Shi
    • 1
  • Hongying Zhang
    • 1
  • Yuanyuan Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Earth Science and EngineeringShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Center for Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology Survey, China Geological SurveyBaodingChina

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