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Flood hazard assessment of upper Jhelum basin using morphometric parameters

  • M. Sultan Bhat
  • Akhtar Alam
  • Shabir AhmadEmail author
  • Hakim Farooq
  • Bashir Ahmad
Original Article
  • 72 Downloads

Abstract

Morphometric parameters can be useful tools to provide general understanding of physical characteristics of drainage basin with respect to floods. To evaluate the flood influencing factors in the upper Jhelum basin, we delineate the upper Jhelum basin into ten sub-basins, followed by extraction of drainage network and morphometric parameters using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer digital elevation model and topographic maps in Geographic Information System. The overall flood potential was determined on the basis of compound value obtained for all morphometric parameters of each sub-basin. The analysis reveals that, in general, the northeastern segment of the upper Jhelum basin reveals comparative higher flood potential than the southwestern segment. The tributaries, such as Lidder, Veshav, Arapal, Arapat, and Bring, exhibit greater potential to produce peak flows during rainfall events, while the tributaries like Dudhganga, Rambiara, Sandran, Romushi, and Sasara express moderate-to-low flood potential, respectively. The results of this study are likely to be very useful for effective flood hazard mitigation in upper Jhelum floodplain.

Keywords

Flood hazard evaluation Morphometric parameters Upper Jhelum basin Kashmir valley 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank James W. LaMoreaux (Editor-in-Chief) for handling the manuscript. We are also grateful to all the three anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on the manuscript. Financial support provided by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) order No. MoES/P.O.(Geosci)30/2014 is highly acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Sultan Bhat
    • 1
  • Akhtar Alam
    • 1
  • Shabir Ahmad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hakim Farooq
    • 1
  • Bashir Ahmad
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Regional DevelopmentUniversity of KashmirSrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeologyNawakadal SchoolSrinagarIndia

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