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The effect of successive low-impact development rainwater systems on peak flow reduction in residential areas of Shizhuang, China

  • Zhan-Tang MiaoEmail author
  • Mooyoung Han
  • Shervin Hashemi
Thematic Issue

Abstract

Against a background of frequent urban flooding and the construction of new so-called “sponge cities” in China, this paper proposes a scheme for Successive Low-Impact Development Rainwater Systems (SLIDRS) in residential areas. The Shizhuang community in China is used as a case study site for a simulated SLIDRS infrastructure based on a stormwater management model (SWMM). Peak flows, peak delay times, infiltration, and water conservation were simulated and analyzed under three different scenarios: pre-development conditions, residential development with the use of a conventional sewer system, and residential development with the use of SLIDRS. The differing effects of development under the following four rainfall conditions were evaluated: 1-year, 2-year, 5-year, and 10-year return periods. Results showed that SLIDRS can decrease peak flows and total runoff volume effectively. Moreover, peak flow times were delayed compared with those resulting from the conventional technology. Therefore, SLIDRS may represent a viable strategy towards solving local urban flooding problems.

Keywords

Low-impact development Rain garden Rainwater infiltration Stormwater Management Model Sponge City Urban flooding 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by: Research on the Framework and Key Technologies of Spongy City Planning System Based on SWMM Hydrological Model through Tianjin University Research Institute of Urban Planning [Grant number 2017GKF-0787]; Science and Technology Support Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) [Grant number NRF-2018K1A3A9A04000025]; Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI) through Public Technology Program based on Environmental Policy, funded by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) [Grant numbers 2018000200001 and 2016000200007]; Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as Waste to Energy - Recycling Human Resource Development Project; The Institute of Construction and Environmental Engineering at Seoul National University. The authors wish to express their gratitude for the support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019
corrected ​publication ​January 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ArchitectureTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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