Environmental Earth Sciences

, 77:801 | Cite as

Rare earth elements absorption patterns in grapevine “Vitis vinifera L.” cultivated in carbonate terrains (south-eastern Sicily, Italy)

  • Rosalda PunturoEmail author
  • Carmelisa D’Antone
  • Salvatore Pepi
  • Carmela Vaccaro
Original Article


Vitis vinifera L. vineyards grown on carbonate soil (Hyblean Plateau, SE Sicily) have been characterized in terms of rare earth elements (REEs) distribution. Results highlighted that the absorption of REEs by plants depends on the composition of the underlying soil, which in this case derives from limestone parent rock, allowing us to recognize the area of origin. Indeed, even slight differences in REEs content in soils may affect the absorption pattern of each grapevine cultivar. Importantly, the various parts of the plants showed differences in REEs absorption; such REEs fractionation is particularly evident in the leaf and juice samples. In general, the uptake and concentrations of REEs in plant tissues may be related to many factors such as geographical, climatic and lithological features. This is also pointed out by the statistical investigation, which took into account either the grapevine variety or each part of the plant. By taking into consideration both the grape variety and the type of soil, the present “multi-elemental” approach aims to provide a useful geochemical tool for assessing the geographical origin of the production area of wine.


Rare earth elements distribution Vitis vinifera L. Statistical analysis Geographical origin Geochemical fingerprint 



The authors acknowledge the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) under the “fondo Giovani” for financial support. José Marcos Jurado Jurado, of the Department of Analytical Chemistry (University of Sevilla), is gratefully acknowledged for his precious help during the statistical computation. Editorial management by Olaf Kolditz is appreciated. Constructive revisions by three anonymous reviewers are acknowledged. The authors are also grateful to Dr. Renzo Tassinari and to Umberto Tessari (University of Ferrara) for their help in analytical facilities. Finally, the authors wish to thank the winery owners, Demostene family (Giuseppe and Maria Stella) and Giovanni Calcaterra (Avide winery) together with Gianbattista Cilia, Cirino Strano e Giusto Occhipinti (COS winery). The staff of Cos and Avide wineries are also acknowledged for their valuable support during cultivars’ sampling. The research work was coordinated by Rosalda Punturo and by Carmela Vaccaro; it is part of Carmelisa D’Antone’s Ph.D. thesis; Salvatore Pepi contributed to data interpretation and statistical management of results.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosalda Punturo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carmelisa D’Antone
    • 1
    • 2
  • Salvatore Pepi
    • 2
  • Carmela Vaccaro
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental SciencesUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Earth SciencesUniversity of FerraraFerraraItaly

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