Environmental Earth Sciences

, 77:793 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterisation of a multifunctional oil-based drilling fluid additive

  • Wu-Juan Sun
  • Guo-Qing Tian
  • Hang-Juan Huang
  • Guo-Min Lu
  • Cong-Yu KeEmail author
  • Jun-Feng Hui
  • Xun-Li ZhangEmail author
Original Article


An oil-based drilling fluid additive H-DEA (or humic acid-cocamide diethanolamine) was synthesised using humic acid and cocamide diethanolamine as raw materials. The rheological behaviors of H-DEA showed that the synthesised product has the good properties in both decreasing the filtrate loss and improving rheology property of oil-based drilling fluids compared with other commercially available additives. Under the optimal additive amount of 3%, both API filtrate loss and yield point changed remarkably from 5.40 to 0.41 mL and 9.0 to 25.6 Pa, respectively. Furthermore, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed that H-DEA has good thermal stability in a wide temperature range up to 170 °C. Infrared spectroscopy (IR) and rheological analysis revealed that the possible mechanism of the multifunctional effects may be attributed to the existing of high density of strong polar groups, hydrogen bonds, electrostatic forces, and intermolecular association on H-DEA molecular structure. The results of the study showed that the synthesised H-DEA can be potentially used as a multifunctional oil-based drilling fluid additive in oil-drilling excavation.


Oil-based drilling fluid additives Humic acid Cocamide diethanolamine Filtrate loss Yield point Rheology property 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21676215), Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China (2018JM2046), Scientific Research Program of Shaanxi Provincial Education Department (17JK0601), and Xi’an Science and Technology Project [2017081CG/RC044 (XASY001)].


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wu-Juan Sun
    • 1
  • Guo-Qing Tian
    • 2
  • Hang-Juan Huang
    • 2
  • Guo-Min Lu
    • 1
  • Cong-Yu Ke
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jun-Feng Hui
    • 3
  • Xun-Li Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringXi’an Shiyou UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.The 6th Gas Production PlantPetroChina Changqing Oilfield CompanyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Chemical EngineeringNorthwest UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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