Advertisement

Environmental Earth Sciences

, 77:773 | Cite as

An insight into the surface velocity of Inylchek Glacier and its effect on Lake Merzbacher during 2006–2016 with Landsat time-series imagery

  • Shiyong Yan
  • Yi Li
  • Zhiguo Li
  • Guang Liu
  • Zhixing Ruan
  • Zian Li
Original Article
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

Mountain glacier is one of the extremely sensitive indicators for climate change, and its surface motion distribution and corresponding variation are valuable information for understanding ice mass exchange and glacier dynamics. This paper presents the long-term ice velocity distributions of Inylchek Glacier in the Tianshan region by pixel-tracking algorithm with time-series Landsat imagery acquired during 2006–2016. Then the monitored ice motion fields of Inylchek Glacier were carefully analyzed and revealed a generally similar spatial distribution characteristic. Most of the ice of the North Inylchek Glacier remains in a stagnant state except for the upstream part, but a relatively high velocity of 20–40 cm/day with an RMSE of 3 cm/day was observed on most part of the South Inylchek Glacier, except for the slow-moving glacier terminus. We also state the glacier dynamics around Lake Merzbacher and their possible effect on its glacier lake outburst flood (GLOF) risk. Besides, the surface velocity distribution on South Inylchek Glacier surface during the ablation period from 2014 to 2016 was also established and also compared with annual velocity. The corresponding difference yields that there is a positive relation between ice motion and temperature variation. Therefore, the time-series ice surface motion yielded by the Landsat imagery thus could provide us an efficient and low-cost way to analyze the current state and changes in glaciers, thanks to the continuous and regular spaceborne observations provided by the Landsat satellites.

Keywords

Inylchek Glacier Glacier surface velocity Landsat time-series imagery Pixel-tracking algorithm Velocity variation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2015QNA32). The work was also supported by a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41590852) and the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, CAS (No. QYZDY-SSW-DQC02). The Landsat images employed in this study were archived and provided by the United States Geological Survey (USGS).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

References

  1. Benn D, Bolch T, Hands K, Gulley J, Luckman A, Nicholson L, Quincey D, Thompson S, Toumi RI, Wiseman S (2012) Response of debris-covered glaciers in the Mount Everest region to recent warming, and implications for outburst flood hazards. Earth Sci Rev 114:156–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brahmbhatt RM, Bahuguna I, Rathore B, Kulkarni A, Shah R, Nainwal H (2012) Variation of snowline and mass balance of glaciers of Warwan and Bhut Basins of Western Himalaya using remote sensing technique. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 40:629–637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Debella-Gilo M, Kääb A (2011) Sub-pixel precision image matching for measuring surface displacements on mass movements using normalized cross-correlation. Remote Sens Environ 115:130–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Erten E, Reigber A, Hellwich O, Prats P (2009) Glacier velocity monitoring by maximum likelihood texture tracking. IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 47:394–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fallourd R, Harant O, Trouvé E, Nicolas J, Gay M, Walpersdorf A, Mugnier J, Serafini J, Rosu D (2011) Monitoring temperate glacier displacement by multi-temporal TerraSAR-X images and continuous GPS measurements. IEEE J Sel Top Appl Earth Obs Remote Sens 4:372–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gardner A, Moholdt G, Cogley J, Wouters B, Arendt A, Wahr J, Berthier E, Hock R, Pfeffer W, Kaser G (2013) A reconciled estimate of glacier contributions to sea level rise: 2003 to 2009. Science 340:852–857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guan Y, Li C, Yao J, Zhang M, Zhao J (2015) Spatial-temporal characteristics of land surface temperature in Tianshan Mountains area based on MODIS data. Chin J Appl Ecol 26:681–688Google Scholar
  8. Kanade T, Okutomi M (1994) A stereo matching algorithm with an adaptive window: theory and experiment. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 16:920–932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kronenberg M, Barandun M, Hoelzle M, Huss M, Farinotti D, Azisov E, Usubaliev R, Gafurov A, Petrakov D, Kääb A (2016) Mass-balance reconstruction for Glacier No. 354, Tien Shan, from 2003 to 2014. Ann Glaciol 57:92–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kutuzov S, Shahgedanova M (2009) Glacier retreat and climatic variability in the eastern Terskey–Alatoo, inner Tien Shan between the middle of the 19th century and beginning of the 21st century. Glob Planet Change 69:59–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Leprince S, Barbot S, Ayoub F, Avouac JP (2007) Automatic and precise orthorectification, coregistration, and subpixel correlation of satellite images, application to ground deformation measurements. IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 45:1529–1558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Li J, Li Z, Zhu J, Ding X, Wang C, Chen J (2013a) Deriving surface motion of mountain glaciers in the Tuomuer-Khan Tengri mountain ranges from PALSAR images. Glob Planet change 101:61–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Li J, Zhang S, Pu Z, Wang M, Wang S, Zhao S (2013b) Spatial-temporal variation of seasonal and annual air temperature in Xinjiang during 1961–2010. Arid Land Geogr 36:228–237Google Scholar
  14. Li J, Li Z, Ding X, Wang Q, Zhu J, Wang C (2014) Investigating mountain glacier motion with the method of SAR intensity-tracking: removal of topographic effects and analysis of the dynamic patterns. Earth Sci Rev 138:179–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li Z, Fang H, Tian L, Dai Y, Zong J (2015) Changes in the glacier extent and surface elevation in Xiongcaigangri region, Southern Karakoram Mountains, China. Quatern Int 371:67–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Li K, Li Z, Wang C, Huai B (2016) Shrinkage of Mt. Bogda glaciers of Eastern Tian Shan in Central Asia during 1962–2006. J Earth Sci 27:139–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mayer C, Lambrecht A, Hagg W, Helm A, Scharrer K (2008) Post-drainage ice dam response at lake merzbacher, inylchek glacier, kyrgyzstan. Geogr Ann Ser A Phys Geogr 90:87–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. McCarthy JJ (2001) Climate change 2001: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability: contribution of Working Group II to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  19. Naegeli K, Damm A, Huss M, Wulf H, Schaepman M, Hoelzle M (2017) Cross-Comparison of albedo products for glacier surfaces derived from airborne and satellite (Sentinel-2 and Landsat 8) optical data. Remote Sens 9:110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Narama C, Duishonakunov M, Kääb A, Daiyrov M, Abdrakhmatov K (2010a) The 24 July 2008 outburst flood at the western Zyndan glacier lake and recent regional changes in glacier lakes of the Teskey Ala-Too range, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Natural Hazards Earth Syst Sci 10:647–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Narama C, Kääb A, Duishonakunov M, Abdrakhmatov K (2010b) Spatial variability of recent glacier area changes in the Tien Shan Mountains, Central Asia, using Corona (~ 1970), Landsat (~ 2000), and ALOS (~ 2007) satellite data. Glob Planet Change 71:42–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Neelmeijer J, Motagh M, Wetzel H, Buchroithner M (2012) Observation of the surface velocity field of Inylchek Glacier (Kyrgyzstan) by means of TerraSAR-X imagery. Wissenschaftlich-Technische Jahrestagung der DGPF, Potsdam, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  23. Neelmeijer J, Motagh M, Wetzel H-U (2014) Estimating spatial and temporal variability in surface kinematics of the inylchek glacier, central asia, using TerraSAR–X data. Remote Sens 6:9239–9259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nobakht M, Motagh M, Wetzel H-U, Roessner S, Kaufmann H (2014) The Inylchek Glacier in Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia: insight on surface kinematics from optical remote sensing imagery. Remote Sens 6:841–856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Paul F, Bolch T, Kääb A, Nagler T, Nuth C, Scharrer K, Shepherd A, Strozzi T, Ticconi F, Bhambri R (2015) The glaciers climate change initiative: methods for creating glacier area, elevation change and velocity products. Remote Sens Env 162:408–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Qiao L, Mayer C, Liu S (2015) Distribution and interannual variability of supraglacial lakes on debris-covered glaciers in the Khan Tengri-Tumor Mountains, Central Asia. Environ Res Lett 10:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rosenau R, Scheinert M, Dietrich R (2015) A processing system to monitor Greenland outlet glacier velocity variations at decadal and seasonal time scales utilizing the Landsat imagery. Remote Sens Env 169:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Scambos TA, Dutkiewicz MJ, Wilson JC, Bindschadler RA (1992) Application of image cross-correlation to the measurement of glacier velocity using satellite image data. Remote Sens Env 42:177–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Shen Y, Wang G, Ding Y, Su H, Mao W, Wang S, Duishen M (2009) Changes in merzbacher lake of inylchek glacier and glacial flash floods in aksu river basin, tianshan during the period of 1903–2009. J Glaciol Geocryol 31:993–1002Google Scholar
  30. Singleton A, Li Z, Hoey T, Muller J-P (2014) Evaluating sub-pixel offset techniques as an alternative to D-InSAR for monitoring episodic landslide movements in vegetated terrain. Remote Sens Env 147:133–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang P (2017) Characteristics of an avalanche-feeding and partially debris-covered glacier and its response to atmospheric warming in Mt. Tomor, Tien Shan, China. In: AGU Fall Meeting AbstractsGoogle Scholar
  32. Wendt A, Mayer C, Lambrecht A, Floricioiu D (2017) A glacier surge of Bivachny Glacier, Pamir Mountains, observed by a time series of high-resolution digital elevation models and glacier velocities. Remote Sens 9:388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wetzel H-U, Reigber A, Richter A, Michajljow W (2005) Gletschermonitoring und gletscherseebruche am Inyltschik (Zentraler Tienshan)—interpretation mit optischen und radarsatelliten. DGPF Tagungsband 14:341–350Google Scholar
  34. Yan S, Liu G, Wang Y, Ruan Z (2015) Accurate determination of glacier surface velocity fields with a DEM-assisted pixel-tracking technique from SAR imagery. Remote Sens 7:10898–10916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yan S, Ruan Z, Liu G, Deng K, Lv M, Perski Z (2016) Deriving ice motion patterns in mountainous regions by integrating the intensity-based pixel-tracking and phase-based D-InSAR and MAI approaches: a case study of the chongce glacier. Remote Sens 8:611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhu W, Shangguan D, Guo W, Xu J (2014) Glaciers in some representative basins in the middle of the Tianshan Mountains: change and response to climate change. J Glaciol Geocryol 36:1376–1384Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASG Key Laboratory of Land Environment and Disaster MonitoringChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Surveying and PlanningShangqiu Normal UniversityShangqiuChina
  3. 3.Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital EarthChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Marine sciencesSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations