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Environmental Earth Sciences

, 77:748 | Cite as

Quantification of water and sewage leakages from urban infrastructure into a shallow aquifer in East Ukraine

  • Y. VystavnaEmail author
  • D. Diadin
  • P. M. Rossi
  • M. Gusyev
  • J. Hejzlar
  • R. Mehdizadeh
  • F. Huneau
Original Article

Abstract

Leaky water supply and sewer mains can become unmanaged sources of urban groundwater recharge and contamination posing environmental and health risks. Stable isotopes of water and hydrochemical tracer were applied to quantify water and sewage leakages in a shallow aquifer of a large Ukrainian city. Binary and ternary mixing models were used based on the d-excess and chloride concentrations of tap water, rural and urban groundwater to estimate fractions of natural recharge, urban seepage, volumes of water supply and sewage leakages in urban springs. Water supply leakages that recharge aquifer were ~ 3% (6.5 Mm3 a− 1) of the total water supply and strongly correlated with failures on the water infrastructure. Sewage leakages (1.4 Mm3 a− 1) to the aquifer were less in amount than water supply leakages, but induced nitrate and associated contaminants pollution risk of urban groundwater. The proposed method is useful for the pilot evaluation of urban groundwater recharge and contamination and can be applied in other regions worldwide to support the decision-making in water management.

Keywords

Deuterium Oxygen isotope Water losses Sewer Urban groundwater Ukraine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was carried out in the framework of projects CRP F33020 “Environmental isotopes methods to assess water quality issues in rivers impacted by groundwater discharges” and CRP F33021 “Evaluation of human impacts on water balance and nutrients dynamics in the transboundary Russia/Ukraine river basin” and CRP F33024 “Isotope Techniques for the Evaluation of Water Sources for Domestic Supply in Urban Areas” partly funded by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Additional thanks to Mr. Yuriy Vergeles and Ms. Olga Reshetova for the samples collection.

Supplementary material

12665_2018_7936_MOESM1_ESM.docx (31 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 31 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of SciencesInstitute of HydrobiologyCeske BudejoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering and ManagementO.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in KharkivKharkivUkraine
  3. 3.Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Research UnitUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  4. 4.International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management (ICHARM) under the auspices of UNESCOPublic Works Research Institute (PWRI)TsukubaJapan
  5. 5.GeoRessources, UMR 7359Université de Lorraine/CNRS/CREGU, Mines NancyNancy CedexFrance
  6. 6.Laboratoire d’HydrogéologieUniversité de Corse Pascal Paoli, Campus Grimaldi, BP 52CorteFrance
  7. 7.CNRS, UMR 6134 SPE, BP 52CorteFrance

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