Advertisement

Preparation of integrative cubes as a novel biological permeable reactive barrier medium for the enhancement of in situ aerobic bioremediation of nitrobenzene-contaminated groundwater

  • Na Liu
  • Yuting Zhang
  • Yonglei An
  • Liu Wang
Original Article
  • 77 Downloads

Abstract

Recent studies have indicated that in situ aerobic bioremediation is one of the most effective methods for remediating groundwater contaminated with nitrobenzene (NB). Aerobic bioremediation is largely dependent on the maintenance of adequate dissolved oxygen (DO) levels in the groundwater. Traditional in situ aeration has various disadvantages, such as high operational costs and nonuniform aeration. In this study, integrative cubes were prepared and utilized as a novel biological permeable reactive barrier (bio-PRB) medium to enhance the aerobic bioremediation of NB-contaminated groundwater. The results revealed an NB removal rate greater than 98.68% after 15–20 days of continuous oxygen release from the bio-PRB medium. DO concentrations reached 8.0 mg/L during treatment, and NB-degrading bacteria were able to tolerate a range of pH conditions. This multifaceted bio-PRB medium can simultaneously adsorb and biodegrade NB, release oxygen, and neutralize the pH with phosphate buffer. The results of this study suggest that this bio-PRB medium represents a highly effective in situ bioremediation method for NB-contaminated groundwater.

Keywords

Bioremediation Groundwater Nitrobenzene Oxygen-releasing compounds Permeable reactive barrier 

Abbreviations

Bio-PRB

Biological permeable reactive barrier

DO

Dissolved oxygen

EDS

Energy-dispersive spectrometer

NB

Nitrobenzene

ORCs

Oxygen-releasing compounds

PVA

Polyvinyl alcohol

PB

Polyvinyl alcohol and biochar

PM

Polyvinyl alcohol and microorganisms

PBM

Polyvinyl alcohol, biochar and microorganisms

SEM

Scanning electron microscope

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Joint Foundation of Key Laboratory of Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, CAGS (KF201609) and Science and Technology Development Project of Jilin Province (20160520076JH).

Supplementary material

12665_2018_7890_MOESM1_ESM.docx (814 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 813 KB)

References

  1. An YL, Xiu ZM, An YK, Liu N, Zhang LY, Zhou AX (2012a) Application of air sparging and bioaugmentation for nitrobenzene and aniline remediation in shallow groundwater: a laboratory-scale study. Fresenius Environ Bull 21(7):1802–1809Google Scholar
  2. An YL, Zhang LY, Liu N, Zhang L, Gao HF (2012b) Biostimulation-enhanced biodegradation of nitrobenzene in contaminated groundwater. Chem Res Chin Univ 28(5):818–823Google Scholar
  3. An YL, Zhang LY, Liu N, Zhou AX, Zhang TD, An YK (2012c) Field scale analysis on structural changes of microbial community and its relationships with environmental factors in nitrobenzene-contaminated groundwater during air sparging remediation. Environ Eng Manag J 11(9):1687–1696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. An YL, Li JL, Liu N (2016) Biological characteristics of the nitrobenzene-degrading strain NB1 during bioaugmentation of nitrobenzene-contaminated groundwater. Environ Earth Sci 75(5):360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cassidy DP, Irvine RL (1999) Use of calcium peroxide to provide oxygen for contaminant biodegradation in a saturated soil. J Hazar Mater 69:25–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chang SH, Wu CH, Wang SS, Lin CW (2017) Fabrication of novel rhamnolipid-oxygen-releasing beads for bioremediation of groundwater containing high concentrations of BTEX. Int Biodeter Biodegrad 116:58–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hofstetter TB, Spain JC, Nishino SF et al (2008) Identifying competing aerobic nitrobenzene biodegradation pathways by compound-specific isotope analysis. Environ Sci Technol 42(13):4764–4770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huang G, Liu F, Yang Y, Deng W, Li S, Huang Y et al (2015) Removal of ammonium-nitrogen from groundwater using a fully passive permeable reactive barrier with oxygen-releasing compound and clinoptilolite. J Environ Manag 154:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kao CM, Chen SC, Wang JY, Chen YL, Lee SZ (2003) Remediation of PCE contaminated aquifer by an in situ two-layer biobarrier: laboratory batch and column studies. Water Res 37:27–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lassinantti Gualtieri M, Romagnol M, Gualtieri AF (2015) Preparation of phosphoric acid-based geopolymer foams using limestone as pore forming agent thermal properties by in situ XRPD and Rietveld refinements. J Eur Ceram Soc 35:3167–3178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lee CS, Thanh TL, Kim EJ, Gong J, Chang YY, Chang YS (2014) Fabrication of novel oxygen-releasing alginate beads as an efficient oxygen carrier for the enhancement of aerobic bioremediation of 1,4-dioxane contaminated groundwater. Biores Technol 171:59–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Li M, Fiorenza S, Chatham JR, Mahendra S, Alvarez PJ (2010) 1,4-Dioxane biodegradation at low temperatures in Arctic groundwater samples. Water Res 44:2894–2900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Liang SH, Kao CM, Kuo YC, Chen KF (2011) Application of persulfate-releasing barrier to remediate MTBE and benzene contaminated groundwater. J Hazard Mater 185:1162e1168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lin CW, Chen LH, I YP, Lai CY (2010) Microbial communities and biodegradation in lab-scale BTEX-contaminated groundwater remediation using an oxygen-releasing reactive barrier. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 33:383–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lin CW, Wu CH, Guo PY, Chang SH (2017) Innovative encapsulated oxygen-releasing beads for bioremediation of BTEX at high concentration in groundwater. J Environ Manag 204(Pt 1):12–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu SJ, Jiang B, Huang GQ, Li XG (2006) Laboratory column study for remediation of MTBE-contaminated groundwater using a biological two-layer permeable barrier. Water Res 40:3401–3408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu P, Zhang LY, Jiao YL, Liu N, Liu YY, Gao S (2009) Determination of aniline and nitrobenzene in water by high performance liquid chromatography. Chin J Anal Chem 37(5):741–744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Liu N, Wang Y, An YL, Ding F, Yu XL, Ye K (2017) Feasibility study of in-situ bioremediation for nitrobenzene-contaminated groundwater. Water Sci Technol Water Supply 17(4):1160–1167Google Scholar
  19. Mousavi S, Ibrahim S, Aroua MK (2012) Sequential nitrification and denitrification in a novel palm shell granular activated carbon twin-chamber upflow bioelectrochemical reactor for treating ammonium-rich wastewater. Bioresour Technol 125:256–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Newcomb AD, Crowley ED (1999) Bioremediation of atrazine-contaminated soil by repeated applications of atrazine-degrading bacteria. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 51:877–882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nykänen A, Kontio H, Klutas O, Penttinen OP, Kostia S, Mikola J, Romantschuk M (2012) Increasing lake water and sediment oxygen levels using slow release peroxide. Sci Total Environ 429:317–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shahsavari E, Adetutu E, Anderson PA, Ball AS (2013) Plant residues-a low cost, effective bioremediation treatment for petrogenic hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. Sci Total Environ 443:766–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Tsai SL, Lin CW, Wu CH, Shen CM (2013) Kinetics of xenobiotic biodegradation by the Pseudomonas sp. YATO411 strain in suspension and cell-immobilized beads. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 44:303–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Xin BP, Wu CH, Wu CH, Lin CW (2013) Bioaugmented remediation of high concentration BTEX-contaminated groundwater by permeable reactive barrier with immobilized bead. J Hazard Mater 244–245:765–772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Yeh CH, Lin CW, Wu CH (2010) A permeable reactive barrier for the bioremediation of BTEX-contaminated groundwater: microbial community distribution and removal efficiencies. J Hazard Mater 178:74–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yusof N, Hassan MA, Phang LY, Tabatabaei M, Othman MR, Mori M, Wakisaka M, Sakai K, Shirai Y (2010) Nitrification of ammonium-rich sanitary landfill leachate. Waste Manag 30:100–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Na Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yuting Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yonglei An
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Liu Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment, Ministry of EducationJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Resources and EnvironmentJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of New Energy and EnvironmentJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations