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Environmental Earth Sciences

, 77:650 | Cite as

Technosols made with various urban wastes showed contrasted performance for tree development during a 3-year experiment

  • Patrice Cannavo
  • René Guénon
  • Gilles Galopin
  • Laure Vidal-Beaudet
Original Article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

Vegetation in urban areas is generally living in a stress-inducing environment. Sustaining good soil quality is crucial to improve tree development and heath in such (artificial) environment. This study investigates the dynamics of the physico-chemical properties of Technosol, and compares tree development performances in various waste mixtures. A 3-year experiment was conducted with Acer platanoïdes L. grown in three distinct constructed soils, in three replicates, in 0.480-m3 lysimeters in Angers (France). Four combinations of artefacts were studied either as “growing material” (GM) or “structural material” (SM). Three different SMs were used: (1) a mixture of fine mineral material, demolition rubble and green waste (SM-DR/GW), (2) a mixture of fine mineral material, track ballast and sewage sludge (SM-TB/SS), and (3) the SM currently used by Angers city for green space settlements (SM-CT). Waste characteristics and mixing proportions both affected tree development. Physical properties were not a limiting factor for tree development, despite a relatively low soil water reservoir due to high stone content. Moreover, the chemical properties of the materials, more particularly low water pH and CEC, led to poor tree development in SM-CT, whereas the other two SMs did not affect tree development. SM-TB/SS was the most suitable constructed soil after 3 years because it exhibited satisfactory soil nutrient contents that promoted the best tree crown quality. Waste mixtures can sustain soil functions for tree development. As for urban street tree pits that are 2–8 m3 in volume, soil water, and nutrient autonomy should satisfactorily sustain tree development.

Keywords

Biomass production Nutrients Organic matter Urban soils Porosity Structural soils 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was conducted as part of the SITERRE project funded by the ADEME Environmental Agency. The authors would like to thank all the Master’s degree students who contributed to data collection and measurements: S. Ait Amrane, M. Coursin, R. Daolio-Dervaux, P. Haxaire, S. Jantzi, C. Mommaerts, T. Sénant. The authors would also like to thank Y. Barraud-Roussel, S. Delepine-Bourgeois, C. Mazzega, and D. Lemesle, for their valuable assistance in carrying out the experiments and collecting the data.

Supplementary material

12665_2018_7848_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrice Cannavo
    • 1
  • René Guénon
    • 1
  • Gilles Galopin
    • 2
  • Laure Vidal-Beaudet
    • 1
  1. 1.EPHor, Agrocampus OuestAngersFrance
  2. 2.IRHS, Agrocampus Ouest, INRABeaucouzéFrance

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