GIS based analysis of doline density on Taurus Mountains, Turkey

  • Muhammed Zeynel ÖztürkEmail author
  • Mesut Şimşek
  • Mehmet Furkan Şener
  • Mustafa Utlu
Original Article


The Taurus Mountain is one of the most important karstic region of the world and dolines are characteristics landforms of this area. However, the number and distribution of doline are unknown in the study area. The aims of this study are to explain the total number of dolines, distribution of doline density, effects of slope conditions and the change of doline orientation in the Taurus Mountains. According to the 1/25000 scale topographic maps utilized in this study, a total of 140,070 dolines were determined in a 13,189 km2 area on eleven high karstic plateaus bordered by steep slopes and deep gorges. These plateaus are substantially affected by highly-faulted and jointed systems and about 80% of each plateau is covered with neritic limestone. The dolines are located at an elevation between 10 and 2870 m. Average elevation of all dolines is 1842 m. 90% of dolines are located between 1300 and 2270 m and only 5% of dolines found under 1330 m. According to this results, the densest doline zone corresponds to the alpine and periglacial zone above the treeline. Doline density reaches > 100 doline/km2 on Mt. Anamas and the Seyran, Geyik and Akdağ ranges as well as the Taşeli plateau. Maximum density (187 doline/km2) is found on the Akdağ Mountains. However, 66% of the study area is characterized by low density, 29.9% with moderate density, 3.4% with high density and 0.7% with very high density. The highest doline densities are seen on gentle slopes (15°–25°/km2) and steep slopes (> 35°/km2) are limited doline distribution. According to the rose diagram formed by the azimuths of the long axis of the dolines at the Central Taurus, two direction are dominant in doline orientations (NW–SE and NE–SW). However, dominant directions are NE-SW at eastern, NE–SW and NW–SE at central and NW-SE at western part of the Central Taurus. According to this elongations, doline orientations are formed an arc which is formed by tectonic evolution of the Central Taurus.


Doline density Spatial distribution Slope conditions Orientation Taurus Mountains Turkey 



This study was supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) (Project No: 115Y580). We express our sincere thanks for their financial support. We also thank Graham H. Lee for checking the English of the paper.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and SciencesÖmer Halisdemir UniversityNigdeTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and SciencesHatay Mustafa Kemal UniversityHatayTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Geography, Faculty of LettersIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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