Temporal change of glaciers area and geomorphometric parameters in Parbati valley, Himachal Pradesh, India

  • Sarfaraz Ahmad
  • Khatib Khan
  • Nepal Singh
  • Zabiullah Ansari
  • Md. Mulhim
Original Article

Abstract

Temporal change in the glacier coverage is analyzed for the period between 1962 and 2003 in Parbati valley, Himachal Pradesh. It is observed that the total glacier cover has been decreased by 17% ranging between 8 and 100% for individual glacier. The pattern of de-glaciation shows a high degree of shrinkage in outer zone of Parbati valley, while least shrinkage is observed in the inner valley. The present study is conducted to establish relationship between glacio-geomorphic parameters and glaciers shrinkage pattern to predict the future glacier cover in warming scenario. A systematic change is observed for glacio-geomorphic parameters associated with temporal change in glacier cover. It is observed that mean and minimum elevation, slope, relief and duration of insolation have changed substantially. Maximum elevation, plan/profile curvatures and aspect have shown less change from 1962 to 2003. A correlation matrix between glacio-geomorphic parameters for glaciers between 1962 and 2003 shows that the recent glaciers are much more controlled by terrain characteristics than that in the recent past.

Keywords

Parbati valley LANDSAT ETM+ SRTM DEM Climate change Himalaya 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their thanks to Chairman, Department of Geology, Aligarh Muslim University for providing the laboratory and library facilities. The authors would like to appreciate the financial assistance provided by UGC, Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India, to conduct the present research work (F. No. 41-1041/2012 (SR). We are also thankful to anonymous reviewers those helped in improving the manuscript quality.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarfaraz Ahmad
    • 1
  • Khatib Khan
    • 1
  • Nepal Singh
    • 1
  • Zabiullah Ansari
    • 1
  • Md. Mulhim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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