Structure analysis of geopolymers synthesized from clay originated from Serbia

  • Snežana S. Nenadović
  • Ljiljana M. Kljajević
  • Maja A. Nešić
  • Marijana Ž. Petković
  • Katarina V. Trivunac
  • Vladimir B. Pavlović
Original Article


The paper presents chemical and structural analysis of geopolymer materials which are obtained by alkali-activated calcined clay (metakaolin) originated from Serbia under strictly defined conditions. Characterization of the metakaolin and geopolymers molecular structure has been done using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The paper presents the possibility of obtaining geopolymer structure and differences in chemical and structural characterization of these materials taking into account the concentration of NaOH as a variable parameter. The results of MALDI analysis of metakaolin and synthesized geopolymer structures using various matrix system: 2,4,6 trihydroxyacetophenone (THAP), α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic, 2,6 dihydroxyacetophenone and laser desorption/ionization, have shown that THAP matrix is the most appropriate for analysing these aluminosilicate materials.


Geopolymers Porous materials MALDI-TOF FTIR 



This work is supported by Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia [III 45012 and OI 172011]. The experimental work was done under the umbrella of the COST Action CM1302. Our special thanks go to Gordana Jelić, Ph.D. for her assistance in the revision of English language.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Snežana S. Nenadović
    • 1
  • Ljiljana M. Kljajević
    • 1
  • Maja A. Nešić
    • 2
  • Marijana Ž. Petković
    • 2
  • Katarina V. Trivunac
    • 3
  • Vladimir B. Pavlović
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory for Materials Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Sciences “Vinča”University of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Department of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Nuclear Sciences “Vinča”University of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  4. 4.Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and ArtsUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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