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Hydrologic processes simulation using the conceptual model Zygos: the example of Xynias drained Lake catchment (central Greece)

  • Nikos Charizopoulos
  • Aris Psilovikos
Original Article

Abstract

In the catchment of Xynias drained Lake, hydrologic processes simulation took place using a lumped approach with the conceptual model Zygos. The model implements a conceptual soil moisture accounting scheme extended with a groundwater tank and the input data were the monthly time series of rainfall and the potential evapotranspiration. The automatic optimization procedure of the model was implemented using the evolutionary annealing-simplex algorithm for maximum 11,000 iterations, inserting an 18-month observed runoff time series. It showed that hydrologic balance factors had non-physical significance for the study area. The model’s manual calibration for a Nash coefficient of 0.85 revealed that actual evapotranspiration constitutes 62.5 % (389.7 mm), runoff 22.7 % (141.8 mm) and infiltration 14.8 % (92.2 mm) of precipitation, showing optimal adaptation of simulated to observed runoff. The model estimated the initial reserve of soil moisture related to the presence of organic matter which increases water retention, a residue of the former lake. It confirmed zero runoff values during the summer months and connected the occurrence of springs and the outflows to other catchments (59.8 mm) with the karstification degree of the study area. The error on the annual rainfall is 4.9 % and is considered acceptable.

Keywords

Zygos hydrological model Hydrognomon Evolutionary annealing-simplex algorithm Xynias drained Lake catchment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the research team ITIA of the Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering of School of Civil Engineering in National Technical University of Athens for providing access to software utilized in this study. Acknowledgments are also expressed to the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change for supplying the rainfall and meteorological data used for this study and to the reviewers and the editor for their helpful comments.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Mineralogy-GeologyAgricultural University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic EnvironmentUniversity of ThessalyVolosGreece

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