Environmental Earth Sciences

, 75:248 | Cite as

Application and economic viability of wind turbine installation in Lutak, Iran

  • Kasra Mohammadi
  • Ali Mostafaeipour
  • Ahmad Sedaghat
  • Shahaboddin ShamshirbandEmail author
  • Dalibor Petković
Original Article


There is a lack of studies on evaluating the economic feasibility of large-scale wind turbine development in Iran. Thus, this study aims at analyzing the feasibility of large wind turbines installation in Lutak region, situated in the southeast of Iran. For this aim, the 10-min average recorded wind speed data at 40 m height collected from January 2008 to December 2009 in Lutak are analyzed. Based on three reliable statistical indicators, it is found that the Weibull function enjoys excellent capability to analyze the wind data in Lutak. The wind data analysis reveals that the period of May to September is the windiest time of the year for which the wind power classification falls into class 6 or 7. Nevertheless, due to the lower wind potential in the early and late days of year, very high differences are observed between daily mean wind speed as well as wind power values throughout the year. The highest and lowest mean wind speed and wind power occur in July and January. The wind speed lies between 3.85 and 11.26 m/s while the wind power ranges from 78.79 to 1210.32 W/m2. It is also observed that wind blows predominantly from northwest and north directions in Lutak. The performance and economic feasibility of installing four different types of wind turbines with the rated power of 600–900 kW are examined for installation at 40 m height. The attained results indicate that the EWT 52/900 kW wind turbine is a more appropriate economical option.


Wind energy Weibull distribution Wind turbine Economic assessment Lutak Iran 


  1. Abbes M, Belhadj J (2012) Wind resource estimation and wind park design in El-Kef region, Tunisia. Energy 40:348–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adaramola MS, Oyewola OM (2011) Evaluating the performance of wind turbines in selected locations in Oyo state, Nigeria. Renew Energy 36:3297–3304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adaramola MS, Paul SS, Oyedepo SO (2011) Assessment of electricity generation and energy cost of wind energy conversion systems in north-central Nigeria. Energy Convers Manag 52:3363–3368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Akpinar EK, Akpinar S (2005) An assessment on seasonal analysis of wind energy characteristics and wind turbine characteristics. Energy Convers Manag 46:1848–1867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Alamdari P, Nematollahi V, Mirhosseini M (2012) Assessment of wind energy in Iran: a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 16:836–8360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alizadeh-Choobari O, Zawar-Reza P, Sturman A (2014) The “wind of 120 days” and dust storm activity over the Sistan Basin. Atmos Res 143:328–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Arslan O (2010) Technoeconomic analysis of electricity generation from wind energy in Kutahya, Turkey. Energy 35:120–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Celik AN (2003) Weibull representative compressed wind speed data for energy and performance calculations of wind energy systems. Energy Convers Manag 44:3057–3072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dabbaghiyan A, Fazelpour F, Dehghan Abnavi M, Rosen MA (2016) Evaluation of wind energy potential in province of Bushehr, Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 55:455–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Diaf S, Notton G (2013) Technical and economic analysis of large-scale wind energy conversion systems in Algeria. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 19:37–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dinpashoh Y, Mirabbasi R, Jhajharia D, Abianeh HZ, Mostafaeipour A (2014) Effect of short-term and long-term persistence on identification of temporal trends. J Hydrol Eng 19(3):617–625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Durišić Ž, Mikulović J (2012) Assessment of the wind energy resource in the South Banat region, Serbia. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 16:3014–3023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Elamouri M, Amar FB (2008) Wind energy potential in Tunisia. Renew Energy 33:758–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Elliott DL, Schwartz MN (1993) Wind energy potential in the United States, PNL-SA-23109. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory; September 1993. NTIS no. DE94001667Google Scholar
  15. Fazelpour F, Soltani N, Soltani S, Rosen MA (2015) Assessment of wind energy potential and economics in the north-western Iranian cities of Tabriz and Ardabil. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 45:87–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Habibi F (2013) Economic evaluation of wind projects in Iran. Industrial Engineering Department. Yazd University, Iran. (in Persian)Google Scholar
  17. <Accessed Feb 20, 2014>
  18. <Accessed Feb 6, 2014>
  19. <Accessed Feb 6, 2014>
  20. <Accessed Feb 6, 2014>
  21. <Accessed Jan 5, 2014>
  22. Islam MR, Saidur R, Rahim NA (2011) Assessment of wind energy potentiality at Kudat and Labuan, Malaysia using Weibull distribution function. Energy 36:985–992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jain P (2011) Wind energy engineering. McGraw Hill, USA. ISBN 978-0-07-171478-5Google Scholar
  24. Kazemi Karegar H, Zahedi A, Ohis V, Taleghani G, Khalaji M (2006) Wind and solar energy development in Iran. North Amir Abad, Tehran/Iran: Centre of Renewable Energy Research and ApplicationGoogle Scholar
  25. Keyhani A, Ghasemi-Varnamkhasti M, Khanali M, Abbaszadeh R (2010) An assessment of wind energy potential as a power generation source in the capital of Iran, Tehran. Energy 35:188–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kousari MR, Ahani H, Hakimelahi H (2013) An investigation of near surface wind speed trends in arid and semiarid regions of Iran. Theor Appl Climatol 14:153–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu FJ, Chang TP (2011) Validity analysis of maximum entropy distribution based on different moment constraints for wind energy assessment. Energy 36:1820–1826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Malik A, Al-Badi AH (2009) Economics of Wind turbine as an energy fuel saver-A case study for remote application in Oman. Energy 34:1573–1578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mathew S (2006) Wind energy: fundamentals, resource analysis and economics. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Menges HO, Ertekin C, Sonmete MH (2006) Evaluation of solar radiation models for Konya, Turkey. Energy Convers Manag 47:3149–3173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mirhosseini M, Sharifi F, Sedaghat A (2011) Assessing the wind energy potential locations in province of Semnan in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 15:449–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mohammadi K, Mostafaeipour A (2013) Economic feasibility of developing wind turbines in Aligoodarz, Iran. Energy Convers Manag 76:645–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mostafaeipour A (2010a) Feasibility study of harnessing wind energy for turbine installation in province of Yazd in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 14:93–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mostafaeipour A (2010b) Historical background, productivity and technical issues of qanats. Water Hist 2:61–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mostafaeipour A (2011) Productivity and development issues of global wind turbine industry. INTECH Open Access PublisherGoogle Scholar
  36. Mostafaeipour A (2013) Economic evaluation of small wind turbine utilization in Kerman, Iran. Energy Convers Manag 73:214–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mostafaeipour A, Abarghooei H (2008) Harnessing wind energy at Manjil area located in north of Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 12:1758–1766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Mostafaeipour A, Abesi S (2010) Wind Turbine Productivity and Development in Iran. Biosciences (BIOSCIENCESWORLD), International Conference Bari, Italy, pp 112–118Google Scholar
  39. Mostafaeipour A, Sedaghat A, Dehghan-Niri AA, Kalantar V (2011) Wind energy feasibility study for city of Shahrbabak in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 15:2545–2556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mostafaeipour A, Sedaghat A, Ghalishooyan M, Dinpashoh Y, Mirhosseini M, Sefid M, Pourrezaei M (2013) Evaluation of wind energy potential as a power generation source for electricity production in Binalood, Iran. Renew Energy 52:222–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Mostafaeipour A, Jadidi M, Mohammadi K, Sedaghat A (2014) An analysis of wind energy potential and economic evaluation in Zahedan, Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 30:641–650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nedaei M (2012) Wind resource assessment in Abadan airport in Iran. Int J Renew Energy 1(3):87–97Google Scholar
  43. Pishgar-Komleh SH, Keyhani A, Sefeedpari P (2015) Wind speed and power density analysis based on Waybill and Rayleigh distributions (a case study: Firouzkooh county of Iran). Renew Sustain Energy Rev 42:313–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Pourrajabian A, Mirzaei M, Ebrahimi R, Wood D (2014) Effect of air density on the performance of a small wind turbine blade: a case study in Iran. J Wind Eng Ind Aerodyn 126:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Pouyan S, Ganji A, Behnia P (2011) Regional analysis of wind climatic erosivity factor: a case study in Fars province, southwest Iran. Theor Appl Climatol 105:553–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Quan P, Leephakpreeda T (2015) Assessment of wind energy potential for selecting wind turbines: an application to Thailand. Sustain Energy Technol Assess 11:17–26Google Scholar
  47. Roshan G, Najafei MS, Costa AM, Orosa JA (2015) Effects of climate change on wind energy production in Iran. Arab J Geosci 8:2359–2370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Saeidi D, Mirhosseini M, Sedaghat A, Mostafaeipour A (2011) Feasibility study of wind energy potential in two provinces of Iran: North and South Khorasan. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 15:3558–3569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Saeidi D, Sedaghat A, Alamdari P, Alemrajabi AA (2013) Aerodynamic design and economical evaluation of site specific small vertical axis wind turbines. Appl Energy 101:765–775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Satkin M, Noorollahi Y, Abbaspour M, Yousefi H (2014) Multi criteria site selection model for wind-compressed air energy storage power plants in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 32:579–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Sedaghat A, Haj Assad ME, Gaith M (2014) Aerodynamics performance of continuously variable speed horizontal axis wind turbine with optimal blades. Energy 77:752–759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Shu ZR, Li QS, Chan PW (2015) Statistical analysis of wind characteristics and wind energy potential in Hong Kong. Energy Convers Manag 101:644–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sulaiman MY, Akaak AM, Wahab MA, Zakaria A, Sulaiman ZA, Suradi J (2002) Wind characteristics of Oman. Energy 27:35–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Yu X, Qu H (2010) Wind power in China: opportunity goes with challenge. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 14:2232–2237CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kasra Mohammadi
    • 1
  • Ali Mostafaeipour
    • 2
  • Ahmad Sedaghat
    • 3
  • Shahaboddin Shamshirband
    • 4
    Email author
  • Dalibor Petković
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Industrial Engineering DepartmentYazd UniversityYazdIran
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  4. 4.Department of Computer System and Technology, Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  5. 5.Department for Mechatronics and Control, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of NišNisSerbia

Personalised recommendations