Influences of microbial communities on groundwater component concentrations during managed artificial recharge

  • Wenjing Zhang
  • Ying Huan
  • Dan Liu
  • Hanmei Wang
  • Xun Jiao
  • Xiancang Wu
  • Shanghai DuEmail author
Original Article


Managed aquifer recharge is one of the most popular methods for dealing with local water shortage issues, and the bacterial community could be a vital factor influencing groundwater quality during this process. In this study, analysis of variations in groundwater components during artificial recharge revealed three stages at a text site in China. During stage I, total iron and dissolved organic carbon levels are stable basically, dissolved oxygen and SO4 2− levels have rising trends, NO3 curve varied not obviously. Variation curves show increases in dissolved oxygen, NO3 , SO4 2− and stabilization in dissolved organic carbon and total iron at stage II. During stage III, dissolved oxygen and NO3 have rising trends, dissolved organic carbon, total iron, and SO4 2− keep stable. At 25 and 70 days the Simpson and Shannon–Wiener indices show that microbial community richness and population diversity underwent a gradual dynamic change after recharge water arrived. Correlation analysis shows that the Simpson index was mainly affected by dissolved oxygen and NO3 . PCR-DGGE confirmed these findings. Overall, the results revealed that the main bacterial communities reduce total nitrogen, total phosphorous, and chemical oxygen demand, which corresponded to the calculated correlation index.


Artificial recharge Microbial diversity Community structure PCR-DGGE Groundwater quality 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41103045, 41472215). The authors are grateful for the support provided by the “985 Project” of Jilin University and the China Scholarship Council. We are also thankful to the staff at the Shanghai Institute of Geological Survey for their assistance in the field.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenjing Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ying Huan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dan Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hanmei Wang
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xun Jiao
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xiancang Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shanghai Du
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment, Ministry of EducationJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.College of Environment and ResourcesJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Land Subsidence Monitoring and PreventionShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Shanghai Institute of Geological SurveyShanghaiChina

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