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Application of two geophysical methods to characterize a former waste disposal site of the Trabzon-Moloz district in Turkey

  • Hakan Çınar
  • Suna Altundaş
  • Emre Ersoy
  • Kağan Bak
  • Neşe Bayrak
Original Article

Abstract

Radionuclide variations, the vertical and lateral extent of a waste mass in the former Trabzon municipal solid waste dumpsite were investigated by combining in situ gamma-ray spectrometric measurements with 2D resistivity imaging methods. In the first step, the natural radioelement concentrations on the surface of dumpsite were measured using a portable gamma-ray spectrometer. The average activity concentrations of 238U, 232Th and 40K in the dumpsite are 42.68, 49.88 and 417 Bq/kg, respectively. In addition, radiation hazard parameters were calculated and compared with the international standard values. As a result of the evaluation of the radiological data, it was found that there are no significant radiologic hazards for humans and the environment. In the subsequent stage, 2D electrical resistivity method, using Wenner array, was carried out in this area. The survey was conducted using a multi-electrode resistivity instrument and the measured resistivity profiles were interpreted using RES2DINV program. Electrical resistivity values were obtained from three parallel lines. Results of the resistivity survey show that the waste masses in the study area reach to depths of about 18 m, with very low resistivity values less than 20 Ωm. According to the 2D inverted resistivity sections, low resistivities (<7 Ωm) at the depth corresponds to areas that may be occupied by leachate or sea water. The high resistivity values (>160 Ωm) in profiles B and C are associated with non-degradable waste materials, medical wastes and buried construction materials. Also, very high resistivity zone (874 and 2636 Ωm) in profile A are interpreted as landfill gases.

Keywords

Gamma-ray spectrometer Electrical resistivity Radionuclides Moloz dumpsite In situ measurement Hazard index 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the editor and two anonymous reviewers, whose constructive comments helped to improve the manuscript. The authors owe a special debt of gratitude to Dr. Osman ÜÇÜNCÜ (Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Trabzon) for allowing us to use his photo archive and attributing valuable discussions in the preparation of this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hakan Çınar
    • 1
  • Suna Altundaş
    • 1
  • Emre Ersoy
    • 1
  • Kağan Bak
    • 1
  • Neşe Bayrak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geophysics EngineeringKaradeniz Technical UniversityTrabzonTurkey

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