Model test study on monitoring dynamic process of slope failure through spatial sensor network
Landslides represent a major type of natural hazards worldwide. For development of risk mitigation capabilities, an effective system for monitoring dynamic process of slope failure, capable of gathering spatially distributed information before, during and after a landslide occurrence at real-time manner is essential. A spatial sensor network (SSN), which integrates the real-time communication infrastructure and observations from in situ sensors and remote sensing platforms, offers an efficient and effective approach for such purpose. In this paper, a SSN-based landslide monitoring system was designed and evaluated through a model test study conducted at Tongji University, China. This system, MUNOLD (MUlti-Sensor Network for Observing Landslide Disaster), has been designed as a comprehensive monitoring framework, including sensor observations, multi-channel wireless communication, remote data storage, visualization, data processing and data analysis. In this model test study, initial experimentation demonstrated the capabilities of the MUNOLD system for collecting real-time information about the dynamic process and propagation of slope failure. Innovatively, generated from the high-speed stereo images, the sequential surface deformation vector field can be created and may exhibit the dynamic process during the extremely critical and short period of the slope failure. After this model test study, the MUNOLD system is going to be further improved and extended in a landslide prone region in Sichuan Province, China.
KeywordsSpatial sensor network Landslide Model test Real-time monitoring Wireless communication Remote sensing
This study was supported by the 973 National Basic Research Program (No. 2013CB733203 and No. 2013CB733204), 863 National High-Tech R&D Program (No. 2012AA121302), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41201424, No. 41171327 and No. 41201380) and by 985 funds from Tongji University.
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