Advertisement

Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 74, Issue 4, pp 2919–2923 | Cite as

Human comfort evaluation criteria for blast planning

  • Shihai Chen
  • Zihua Zhang
  • Jian Wu
Original Article

Abstract

To date, blasting vibration safety control standards have focused on minimizing structural damage to the surrounding buildings, and the effects of blasting vibration on people living and working around the blasting site have been overlooked. Blasting vibrations can cause great discomfort and result in lawsuits for compensation. In this paper, the level of discomfort for humans under different blasting vibration levels is classified and investigated. These human responses are quantified by traditional mechanical vibration comfort indicators, such as the vibration dose value and the integrated weighted acceleration. A wavelet transform method is used to analyze the vibration velocity signals and obtain the blasting vibration energy. The evaluation criteria for assessing blasting vibration comfort are presented in a case study. The results have important significance in ensuring blasting safety and maintaining social stability.

Keywords

Blasting vibration Vibration comfort Evaluation criterion Energy 

References

  1. BS 6472-2 (2008) Guide to evaluation of human exposure to vibration in buildings, part 2: blast-induced vibration. British StandardGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen SH, Wei HX, Du RQ (2011) Blasting vibration effect analysis of building structures. Coal Industry Press, Beijing China (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. GB 10070 (1989) Urban Environmental Vibration Standard. China Standard (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Griffin MJ (1990) Handbook of human vibration. Academic press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. ISO10137 (2007) Bases for design of structures-Serviceability of buildings and walkways against vibrations. International StandardGoogle Scholar
  6. Kuzu C, Guclu E (2009) The problem of human response to blast induced vibrations in tunnel construction and mitigation of vibration effects using cautious blasting in half-face blasting rounds. Tunn Undergr Sp Technol 24(1):53–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Li DD, Deng ZD (2012) Evaluation of the effects of blasting vibration on humans in the excavation of CMICT dock. Eng Blasting 12(2):82–85 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Raina AK, Haldar A, Chakraborty AK, Choudhury PB, Ramulu M, Bandyopadhyay C (2004) Human response to blast-induced vibration and air-overpressure: an Indian scenario. Bull Eng Geol Environ 63(3):209–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Rimell AN, Mansfield NJ (2007) Design of digital filters for frequency weightings required for risk assessments of workers exposed to vibration. Ind Health 45(4):512–519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Song ZG, Bai Y, Jin WL (2010) Vibration serviceability analysis of buildings near the area of blasting operation. J Vib Shock 29(9):129–133 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Yan YF, Chen SH, Zhang QH (2012) Evaluation method and application of blasting vibration comfortableness. Eng Blasting 18(1):78–81 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Huaqiao UniversityXiamenChina
  2. 2.Shandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations