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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 73, Issue 11, pp 6927–6937 | Cite as

Influence of added hydrogen on underground gas storage: a review of key issues

  • Viktor ReitenbachEmail author
  • Leonhard Ganzer
  • Daniel Albrecht
  • Birger Hagemann
Thematic Issue

Abstract

The existing infrastructure of the natural gas transportation pipeline network and underground gas storage (UGS) facilities in Germany provides an opportunity and huge capacity to feed, transport and store hydrogen and synthetic fuel gases containing hydrogen, produced from renewable sources. At low hydrogen concentrations, only minor changes to gas transportation equipment will be required. In contrast, the UGS designed in converted gas fields and aquifers are particularly susceptible to the effect of hydrogen. Due to a lack of adequate knowledge about the hydrogen concentration in natural gas, which can be tolerated by the downhole equipment, reservoir and caprocks, the injection of natural gas containing hydrogen in the existing porous UGS is strongly limited. Key issues addressed in this paper are the change in capacity and efficiency of UGS associated with the blending of hydrogen in the stored natural gas, the geological integrity of the reservoir and caprocks, the technical integrity of gas storage wells, durability of the materials used for well completions, corrosion and environmental risks associated with the products of microbial metabolism.

Keywords

Underground gas storage Hydrogen Geological integrity Durability of materials Calorific value Microbial metabolism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This paper is based on the study DGMK 752 conducted in cooperation with many scientists from the Institute of Petroleum Engineering of the Clausthal University of Technology. The authors would like to express special thanks to Dr. Catalin Teodoriu, M.Sc. Edna Michelle Bisso, M.Sc. Florin Precup and M.Sc. Gyunay Namazova. The authors would also like to cordially thank the colleagues of the DGMK as well as the members of the gas storage expert group for their support and patience during this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viktor Reitenbach
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leonhard Ganzer
    • 1
  • Daniel Albrecht
    • 1
  • Birger Hagemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Petroleum Engineering (ITE)Clausthal University of TechnologyClausthal-ZellerfeldGermany

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