Mechanochemical treatment and structural properties of lead adsorption on kaolinite (Rudovci, Serbia)
In the present work, remediation of lead-containing solution using raw and modified kaolinite has been presented. The micro and nanostructure of samples has been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Laser diffraction and scattering (LDS), was analyzed by particle size analyzer based on laser diffraction and particle size distribution (PSD) was done. The degree of metal adsorption was evaluated analyzing the Pb(II) contaminated samples by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (micro- and nanostructure on immobilization efficiency correlCP AES). The results show the impact of immobilization efficiency and ation between micro- and nanostructure. The thermodynamic data (ΔH°, ΔS°, ΔG°) are calculated from the temperature-dependent sorption isotherms. The results suggest sorption process of Pb(II) on kaolinite as spontaneous and endothermic.
KeywordsKaolinite Micro–nano structure AFM phase analysis SEM Particle size distribution
This project was financially supported by the Serbian Ministry of Education and Science on projects 45005 and 45012.
- James SR (1995) Principles of ceramics processing, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Pham TD, Shrestha RA, Sillanpää M (2009) Electrokinetic and ultrasonic treatment of kaoline contaminated by POPs. Sep Purif Technol 44:2410–2420Google Scholar
- Riedmüller G (1978) Neoformation and transformation of clay minerals in tectonic shear zones. Minerol Petrol 25:219–242Google Scholar
- White RE (1987) Introduction to the principles of soil science, 2nd edn. Blackwell, BostonGoogle Scholar