Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 73, Issue 10, pp 6283–6295 | Cite as

The measurement of metals by diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) at sediment/water interface (SWI) of bay and remobilization assessment

  • Zhihao Wu
  • Shengrui Wang
  • Mengchang He
  • Fengchang Wu
Original Article

Abstract

The fine-scale profile (concentration/flux) of 14 metals at sediment/water interface (SWI) of Yingkou bay was measured by passive sampler-DGT (diffusive gradients in thin films) probe and HR-ICP-MS instrument. Fe profile in sediment porewater indicated redox reactions, which was verified by peaks at −6.75, −7.75, −8.75 and −11.75 cm. Mn profile in sediment porewater indicated redox-sensitive character with the continuous increase in profile from −3.75 to −5.75 cm, and the subsequent peaks at −6.25, −8.25, −9.75 and −11.25 cm. Both Fe and Mn profiles indicated low values at −10.25 cm, which was due to the formation of pyrite and the adsorption of Mn on it. The co-occurrence of some peaks and broad feature near peaks of trace metals and Fe/Mn at same depths of profiles indicated coupled geochemical process and co-remobilization. The diffusive fluxes of metals across SWI were also calculated and investigated.

Keywords

Metals Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) Sediment/water interface (SWI) Remobilization Flux Passive sampler 

Supplementary material

12665_2014_3851_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1753 kb)
12665_2014_3851_MOESM2_ESM.docx (22 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 22 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhihao Wu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Shengrui Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mengchang He
    • 4
  • Fengchang Wu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk AssessmentChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control, Research Center of Lake Eco-environmentChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Dongtinghu Lake Ecological Observation and Research Station (DEORS)YueyangPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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