Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 73, Issue 3, pp 1357–1368 | Cite as

Emerging contaminants in landfill leachate and their sustainable management

  • Anushuya Ramakrishnan
  • Lee Blaney
  • Jimmy Kao
  • R. D. Tyagi
  • Tian C. Zhang
  • Rao Y. Surampalli
Original Article

Abstract

Emerging contaminants (ECs) are compounds that recently have been shown to occur widely in the environment and identified as being a potential environmental or public health risk, but yet adequate data do not exist to determine their risk. This review article focuses on ECs including pharmaceuticals, personal care products, surfactants, plasticizers, fire retardants, pesticides and nanomaterials. Their source, fate and transport in landfill leachate and adjacent environments have been discussed. Furthermore, state-of-the-art control and treatment techniques for ECs in landfill leachate have been presented. Sustainable management efforts for screening and control of ECs have been discussed. Molecular biology techniques to enumerate microbes capable of degrading ECs in landfills and their leachate are introduced. The article also presents future perspectives on the management of ECs in landfill leachate.

Keywords

Emerging contaminants (ECs) Pharmaceuticals and personal care products Surfactants Plasticizers Pesticides Fire retardants Nanomaterial Landfill Leachate 

Abbreviations

BFRs

Brominated flame retardants

BOD

Biological oxygen demand

BrdU

Bromodeoxyuridine

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

DDE

Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene

DDT

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

DBP

Di-butyl phthalate

DEHP

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

DEET

Diethyl toluamide

DNA

Deoxy ribo nucleic acid

2,4-D

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

2,4-DP

2-(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy) propionic acid

2,4,5-T

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid

ECs

Emerging contaminants

EDCs

Endocrine disrupting chemicals

EPA

Environmental protection agency

MBR

Membrane bioreactors

MSW

Municipal solid waste

NBBS

N-Butyl benzenesulfonamide

NMVOCs

Non-methanogenic volatile organic compounds

NSAIDs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

PAE

Phthalate esters

PAH

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

PF

Perflouro

PFOA

Perfluorooctanoic acid

PFOS

Perfluorooctane sulfonate

PPCP

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products

SRB

Sulfate reducing bacteria

WWTP

Wastewater treatment plant

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anushuya Ramakrishnan
    • 1
  • Lee Blaney
    • 2
  • Jimmy Kao
    • 3
  • R. D. Tyagi
    • 4
  • Tian C. Zhang
    • 5
  • Rao Y. Surampalli
    • 6
  1. 1.Division of Epidemiology, Human Health and Environmental SciencesUT School of Public HealthHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Maryland Baltimore CountyBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.National Sun-yat Sen UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan
  4. 4.INRS-ETE, University of QuebecQuebecCanada
  5. 5.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of NebraskaLincolnUSA
  6. 6.U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyLenexaUSA

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