Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 73, Issue 3, pp 1295–1302 | Cite as

Groundwater–surface water interactions of Ciliwung River streams, segment Bogor–Jakarta, Indonesia

  • D. E. Irawan
  • H. Silaen
  • P. Sumintadireja
  • R. F. Lubis
  • B. Brahmantyo
  • D. J. Puradimaja
Original Article

Abstract

CiliwungRiver water quality and its vicinity have been continuously degraded with the increasing population. The objective of this research is to understand the association between river and groundwater, and the water quality profile. Field measurements ware taken from 65 stations from Bogor to Jakarta. Water level, temperature, pH, and TDS were measured to build the water flow map and hydrochemical profile. Small-scale geoelectrical survey was conducted at five locations to capture the aquifer’s geometry. We identified three types of stream relationships between river and groundwater: effluent from Bogor to Katulampa (Segment 1), perched at the University of Indonesia (UI) area (Segment 2), and influent from UI to Muara (Segment 3), with low gradient from <0.1 to 0.3. The temperature profile of river and groundwater shows similar pattern as well as TDS profile. All similarities support close connection of river and groundwater. The increasing TDS towards downstream shows increasing enrichment and contamination. The erratic pattern of pH indicates chemical instability due to high contamination. This study highlights the benefit of understanding the hydrodynamic relationship between river water and groundwater. Such interaction triggers water quality exchange between both water bodies. Therefore, a similar study should also be done on other riverbanks in Indonesia to protect water quality.

Keywords

River–groundwater interaction Hydrodynamic Hydrochemistry Ciliwung River 

Supplementary material

12665_2014_3482_MOESM1_ESM.xls (67 kb)
Summary of field data (see also separated electronic supplement data). (XLS 67 kb)

References

  1. APHA (1992) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. APHA, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. Asseggaf A, Puradimaja DJ (1998) Identification of Mount Gede-Pangrango and Mount Salak as recharge and discharge zone in Ciawi Bogor West Java, Annual conference (XXVII) of Indonesia Association of Geologist, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  3. Baxter C, Hauer FR, Woessner WW (2003) Measuring groundwater–stream water exchange: new techniques for installing minipiezometers and estimating hydraulic conductivity. Trans Am Fish Soc 132(3):493–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Braadbaart O, Braadbaart F (1997) Policing the urban pumping race: industrial groundwater overexploitation in Indonesia. J World Development 25(2):199–210. doi:10.1016/S0305-750X(96)00102-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brassington R (2007) Field hydrogeology. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Das Gupta A, Babel MS (2005) Challenges for sustainable management of groundwater use in Bangkok, Thailand. Int J Water Resour Dev 21(3):453–464. doi:10.1080/07900620500036570 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Delinom R (2008) Groundwater management issues in the Greater Jakarta area. Indonesia Bull TERC Univ Tsukuba 8(2):40–54Google Scholar
  8. Effendi AC (1974) Geological maps of Bogor West Java. Indonesian Geological Survey, BandungGoogle Scholar
  9. Fachrul MF, Hendrawan D, Sitawati A (2007) Land use and water quality relationships in the Ciliwung River Basin, Indonesia. In: Proceeding of international congress on river basin management, pp 575–582Google Scholar
  10. Fetter CWJ (1988) Applied hydrogeology. Macmillan College Publishing Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Indonesian Science Foundation (LIPI) (1988) The water resources potential and quality at Ciliwung upstreams. Indonesian Science Foundation, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  12. Johnson AN, Boer BR, Woessner WW, Stanford JA, Poole GC, Thomas SA, O’Daniel SJ (2005) Evaluation of an inexpensive small-diameter temperature logger for documenting ground water–river interactions. Ground Water Monit Rem 25(4):68–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lubis RF, Puradimaja DJ (2006) The hydrodynamics of river water and groundwater at Cikapundung River, In: Proceedings of International Association of Engineering Geologist, BandungGoogle Scholar
  14. Lubis RF, Sakura Y, Delinom R (2008) Groundwater recharge and discharge processes in the Jakarta groundwater basin Indonesia. Hydrogeol J 16(5):927–938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lubis RF, Yamano M, Delinom R, Martosuparno S, Sakura Y, Goto S, Miyakoshi A, Taniguchi M (2013) Assessment of urban groundwater heat contaminant in Jakarta, Indonesia. J Environ Earth Sci 70:2033–2038. doi:10.1007/s12665-013-2712-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ministry of Health Regulation (2001) Water Quality Standards. No 82Google Scholar
  17. Ministry of Public Works of Indonesia (2007) Annual report of water resources. Ministry of Public Works of Indonesia, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  18. Pandey VP, Kazama F (2011) Hydrogeologic characteristics of groundwater aquifers in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. J Environ Earth Sci 62(8):1723–1732. doi:10.1007/s12665-010-0667-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pandey VP, Kazama F (2014) From an open-access to a state-controlled resource: the case of groundwater in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Water Int 39(1):97–112. doi:10.1080/02508060.2014.863687 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pandey VP, Chapagain SK, Kazama F (2010) Evaluation of groundwater environment of Kathmandu Valley. J Environ Earth Sci 60(6):1329–1342. doi:10.1007/s12665-009-0263-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pandey VP, Shrestha S, Chapagain SK, Kazama F (2011) A framework for measuring groundwater sustainability. J Environ Sci Policy. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2011.03.008 Google Scholar
  22. Shah T, Roy AD, Qureshi AS, Wang J (2003) Sustaining Asia’s groundwater boom: an overview of issues and evidence. J Nat Resour Forum 27(2):130–141. doi:10.1111/1477-8947.00048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Turkandi T (1992) Geological maps of Jakarta and Thousand Islands. Indonesian Geological Survey, BandungGoogle Scholar
  24. Wilkins D (2014) The Water Dialogues. Available at: http://www.waterdialogues.org/. Accessed 10 Apr. 2014
  25. Winter TC (1999) Relation of streams, lakes, and wetlands to groundwater flow systems. Hydrogeol J 7(1):28–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Woessner WW (2000) Stream and fluvial plain ground water interactions: rescaling hydrogeologic thought. Ground Water 38(3):423–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Woessner WW, Sullivan KE (1984) Results of seepage meter and mini-piezometer study, Lake Mead Nevada. Ground Water 22(5):561–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. E. Irawan
    • 1
  • H. Silaen
    • 1
  • P. Sumintadireja
    • 1
  • R. F. Lubis
    • 2
  • B. Brahmantyo
    • 1
  • D. J. Puradimaja
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Geology Research Group, Faculty of Earth Sciences and TechnologyInstitut Teknologi BandungBandungIndonesia
  2. 2.Center for GeotechnologyIndonesia Institution of Sciences (LIPI)BandungIndonesia

Personalised recommendations