Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 71, Issue 9, pp 4247–4259 | Cite as

Water absorption process effect on strength of Ayazini tuff, such as the uniaxial compressive strength (UCS), flexural strength and freeze and thaw effect

  • Mustafa Yavuz ÇelikEmail author
  • Huseyin Akbulut
  • Ayşe Ergül
Original Article


Tuffs have been used as a construction material possibly since ancient times. In Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, there are numerous buildings constructed by tuff. Tuff has been a local construction material, during the Roman, Seljuk and Ottoman periods. Even though tuffs have relatively low durability and low strength values compared to marble, etc., they have survived with no major deterioration failures on many historical buildings. It has also been preferred because of its high porous texture, lightweight and easy shaping and process properties in the building sector. Naturally, it would be easily affected by water and humidity because of its porous structure. However, having this kind of structure leads to poor durability properties due to keeping water in it. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of the tuff quarried from the region and possible water effect, which may lead to degradation of its strength and durability of the material, thereby shortening the life span of the building structure used. Samples, which were tested after exposing to water and the freeze and thaw effects, were measured at a certain time. In this study, uniaxial compressive strength and flexural strength tests were conducted on test samples. The test results indicate that water may deteriorate the tuff’s strength properties and durability of the materials in due time.


Ayazini tuff Durability Freeze and thaw strength Water absorption 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustafa Yavuz Çelik
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huseyin Akbulut
    • 2
  • Ayşe Ergül
    • 3
  1. 1.Afyon Vocational SchoolAfyon Kocatepe UniversityAfyonkarahisarTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringAfyon Kocatepe UniversityAfyonkarahisarTurkey
  3. 3.AnkaraTurkey

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