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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 71, Issue 2, pp 849–861 | Cite as

Polychlorinated biphenyls residues in surface sediments of the eutrophic Chaohu Lake (China): characteristics, risk, and correlation with trophic status

  • Xiaowei Wang
  • Beidou XiEmail author
  • Shouliang HuoEmail author
  • Lin Deng
  • Qiang Li
  • Hongwei Pan
  • Jingtian Zhang
  • Hongliang Liu
Original Article

Abstract

Twenty-eight polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) congeners were measured in surface sediments from Chaohu Lake to assess their characteristics, potential risk, and the correlation with lake trophic status. PCB levels ranged from 11.074 to 42.712 ng g−1 dry weight (d.w.) in the western lake and 2.017 to 20.189 ng g−1 d.w. in the eastern lake. The highest concentrations were found at the sites near the inlets of western lake tributary rivers where big cities and industrial centers are located. Congeners concentrations showed decreasing order of tetra-CB > tri-CB > deca-CB (PCB-209 detected) > penta-CB > hexa-CB > di-CB > hepta-CB > Octa-CB. It indicated that light and heavy Aroclor mixtures were simultaneously used surrounding the lake basin. PCB levels in the western lake are potentially dangerous to humans and the local fauna. There was a significant positive relationship between tetra-CB (one abundant PCB congener) concentration distribution and sediment grain size in the 16–64 μm fraction, whereas a negative correlation was found in the 4–8 μm fraction. Furthermore, PCB distributions were positively correlated with the total organic carbon of sediments and lake trophic status, especially in the more seriously polluted western lake zone. However, the correlation completely disappeared in eastern lake zone. It suggested that PCB contamination might be attributed to industrial wastewaters and domestic sewages from western lake basin, reaching the lake through rivers, rains and floods.

Keywords

Polychlorinated biphenyls  Sediment  Sources identification  Toxicity sources Trophic status 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study is supported by the Mega-projects of Science Research for Water Environment Improvement (Program No. 2009ZX07106-001; 2012ZX07101-002), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40901248) and the China Environmental Public Welfare Program (2010009032).

Supplementary material

12665_2013_2487_MOESM1_ESM.doc (122 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 122 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaowei Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Beidou Xi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shouliang Huo
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lin Deng
    • 3
  • Qiang Li
    • 2
  • Hongwei Pan
    • 2
  • Jingtian Zhang
    • 2
  • Hongliang Liu
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk AssessmentChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Module R&D Center, BOE Hyundai LCD Inc.BeijingChina

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