Advertisement

Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 70, Issue 6, pp 2633–2644 | Cite as

Hydrogeochemistry and arsenic contamination of groundwater in the Rayen area, southeastern Iran

  • Kaveh PazandEmail author
  • Ali Reza Javanshir
Original Article

Abstract

High As contents in groundwater were found in Rayen area and chosen for a detailed hydrogeochemical study. A total of 121 groundwater samples were collected from existing tube wells in the study areas in January 2012 and analyzed. Hydrogeochemical data of samples suggested that the groundwater is mostly Na–Cl type; also nearly 25.62 % of samples have arsenic concentrations above WHO permissible value (10 μg/l) for drinking waters with maximum concentration of aqueous arsenic up to 25,000 μg/l. The reducing conditions prevailing in the area and high arsenic concentration correlated with high bicarbonate and pH. Results show that arsenic is released into groundwater by two major phenomena: (1) through reduction of arsenic-bearing iron oxides/oxyhydroxides and Fe may be precipitated as iron sulfide when anoxic conditions prevail in the aquifer sediments and (2) transferring of As into the water system during water–acidic volcanic rock interactions.

Keywords

Hydrogeochemical Arsenic Groundwater Rayen 

References

  1. Aghanabati A (1993) Geology map of Rayen 1:250000 sheets. Geological Survey of IranGoogle Scholar
  2. Bauer M, Blodau C (2006) Mobilisation of arsenic by dissolved organic matter from iron oxides, soils and sediments. Sci Total Environ 354:179–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhattacharya P, Ahmed KM, Hasan MA, Broms S, Fogelström J, Jacks G, Sracek O, von Brömssen M, Routh J (2006) Mobility of arsenic in groundwater in a part of Brahmanbaria district, NE Bangladesh. In: Naidu R, Smith E, Owens G, Bhattacharya P, Nadebaum P (eds) Managing arsenic in the environment: from soil to human health. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp 95–115Google Scholar
  4. Camm GS, Glass HJ, Bryce DW, Butcher AR (2004) Characterization of a mining related arsenic-contaminated site, Cornwall, UK. J Geochem Explor 82:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chakraborty D, Basu GK, Biswas BK, Choudhury UK, Rahaman MM, Paul K, Choudhury TR, Chanda CR, Lodh D (2001) Characterization of arsenic bearing sediments in the Gangetic delta ofWest Bengal, India. In: Chappel WR, Abernathy CO, Calderon RL (eds) Arsenic exposure and health effects. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 27–52Google Scholar
  6. Dixon W, Chiswell B (1992) The use of hydrochemical sections to identify recharge areas and saline intrusions in alluvial aquifers, southeast Queensland, Australia. J Hydrol 130:299–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Djokovic I, Dimitrijevic MN, Cvetic S (1996) Geology map of Rayen 1:100000 sheets. Geological Survey of IranGoogle Scholar
  8. Gregory N (1996) Toxicity hazards arising from volcanic activity. Surveillance 23(2):14–15Google Scholar
  9. Halim MA, Majumder RK, Nessa SA, Hiroshiro Y, Uddin MJ, Shimada J, Jinno K (2009) Hydrogeochemistry and arsenic contamination of groundwater in the Ganges Delta Plain, Bangladesh. J Hazard Mater 164:1335–1345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hasan MA, Bhattacharya P, Sracek O, Ahmed KM, Bromssen MV, Jacks G (2009) Geological controls on groundwater chemistry and arsenic mobilization: hydrogeochemical study along an E-W transect in the Meghna basin, Bangladesh. J Hydrol 378:105–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Itai T, Masuda H, Seddique AA, Mitamura M, Maruoka T, Li X, Kusakabe M, Dipak BK, Farooqi A, Yamanaka T, Nakaya S, Matsuda JI, Ahmed KM (2008) Hydrological and geochemical constraints on the mechanism of formation of arsenic contaminated groundwater in Sonargaon, Bangladesh. Appl Geochem 23:3155–3176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jallai M, Khanlari ZV (2008) Major ion chemistry of groundwaters in the Damagh area, Hamadan, western Iran. Environ Geol 54:87–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kar S, Maity JP, Jean JS, Liu CC, Nath B, Yang HJ, Bundschuh J (2010) Arsenic-enriched aquifers: occurrences and mobilization of arsenic in groundwater of Ganges Delta Plain, Barasat, West Bengal, India. Appl Geochem 25:1805–1814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McArthur JM, Banerjee DM, Hudson-Edwards KA, Mishra R, Purohit R, Ravenscroft P, Cronin A, Howarth RJ, Chatterjee A, Talukder R, Lowry D, Houghton S, Chadha DK (2004) Natural organic matter in sedimentary basins and its relation to arsenic in anoxic groundwater: the example of West Bengal and its worldwide implications. Appl Geochem 19:1255–1293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Meybeck M (1987) Global chemical weathering of surfıcial rocks estimated from river dissolved loads. Am J Sci 287:401–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mukherjee A, Bhattacharya P, Shi F, Fryar AE, Mukherjee AB, Xie ZM, Jacks G, Bundschuh (2009) Chemical evolution in the high arsenic groundwater of the Huhhot basin (Inner Mongolia, PR China) and its difference from the Western Bengal Basin (India). Appl Geochem 24(10):1835–1851. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.06.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Oinam Devi, Ramanathan AL, Jayalakshmi, Singh G (2012) Geochemical and statistical evaluation of groundwater in Imphal and Thoubal district of Manipur, India. J Asian Earth Sci 48:136–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Omo-Irabor OO, Olobaniyi SB, Oduyemi K, Akunna J (2008) Surface and groundwater water quality assessment using multivariate analytical methods: a case study of the Western Niger Delta, Nigeria. Phys Chem Earth 33:666–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pazand K, Hezarkhani A (2012) Investigation of hydrochemical characteristics of groundwater in the Bukan basin Northwest of Iran. Appl Water Sci. doi: 10.1007/s13201-012-0051-4 Google Scholar
  20. Pazand K, Hezarkhani A, Ghanbari Y, Aghavali N (2011) Groundwater geochemistry in the Meshkinshahr Basin of Ardabil Province in Iran. Environ Earth Sci 65:871–879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Polizzotto ML, Harvey CF, Sutton SR, Fendorf S (2005) Processes conducive to the release and transport of arsenic into aquifers of Bangladesh. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102:18819–18823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rango T, Bianchini G, Beccaluva L, Tassinari R (2010) Geochemistry and water quality assessment of central main Ethiopian Rift natural waters with emphasis on source and occurrence of fluoride and arsenic. J Afr Earth Sci 57:479–491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Reghunath R, Sreedhara Murthy TR, Raghavan BR (2002) The utility of multivariate statistical techniques in hydrogeochemical studies:an example from Karnataka, India. Water Res 36:2437–2442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Reilly JO, Watts MJ, Shaw RA, Marcilla AL, Ward NI (2010) Arsenic contamination of natural waters in San Juan and La Pampa, Argentina. Environ Geochem Health 32:491–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Román-Ross G, Cuello GJ, Turrillas X, Fernández-Martinez A, Charlet L (2006) Arsenite sorption and co-precipitation with calcite. Chem Geol 233:328–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sami K (1992) Recharge mechanisms and geochemical processes in a semi-arid sedimentary basin, Eastern Cape, South Africa. J Hydrol 139:27–48. doi: 10.1016/0022-1694(92)90193-Y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Smedley PL, Kinniburgh DG (2002) A review of the source, behavior and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Appl Geochem 17:517–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Smedley PL, Nicolli HB, Macdonald DMJ, Barros AJ, Tullio JO (2002) Hydrogeochemistry of arsenic and other inorganic constituents in groundwaters from La Pampa, Argentina. Appl Geochem 17:259–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Smedley PL, Knudsen J, Maiga D (2007) Arsenic in groundwater from mineralized Proterozoic basement rocks of Burkina Faso. Appl Geochem 22:1074–1092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Taraknath P, Mukherjee PK, Sengupra S, Battacharyya AK, Shome S (2002) Arsenic pollution in groundwater of West Bengal, India: an insight into the problem by subsurface sediment analysis. Gondwana Res 5:501–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Verplanck PL, Mueller SH, Goldfarb RJ, Nordstrom DK, Youcha EK (2008) Geochemical controls of elevated arsenic concentrations in groundwater, Ester Dome, Fairbanks district, Alaska. Chem Geol 255:160–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Webster JG, Nordstrom DK (2002) Geothermal arsenic: the sources, transport and fate of arsenic in geothermal systems. In: Welch AH, Stollenwerk KG (eds) Arsenic in ground water. Kluwer Academic, Boston, pp 101–126Google Scholar
  33. Welch AH, Stollenwerk KG (2002) Arsenic in groundwater: geochemistry and occurrence. Kluwer Academic, BostonGoogle Scholar
  34. Welch AH, Lico MS, Hughes JL (1988) Arsenic in ground water of the western United States. Ground Water 26(3):333–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. WHO (2004) Guidline for drinking water quality. In: Recommendations, World Health Organization, vol 1. GenevaGoogle Scholar
  36. Xie X, Wang Y, Su C, Liu H, Duan M, Xie Z (2008) Arsenic mobilization in shallow aquifers of Datong Basin: hydrochemical and mineralogical evidences. J Geochem Explor 98:107–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mining Engineering, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of GeologyTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran

Personalised recommendations