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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 67, Issue 5, pp 1261–1268 | Cite as

Removal of chromium(III) from aqueous solutions by adsorption on bentonite from Gaomiaozi, China

  • Yong-Gui Chen
  • Yong He
  • Wei-Min Ye
  • Cui-hua Lin
  • Xiong-Fei Zhang
  • Bin Ye
Original Article

Abstract

The adsorption behaviors of Cr(III) from aqueous solution by Gaomiaozi (GMZ) bentonite were studied using equilibrium batch techniques. The effects of shaking time, pH value, adsorbent dose, ionic strength and temperature on adsorption capacity of GMZ bentonite were investigated. The optimum pH value was defined to be 7.0 at temperature 293.15 K. Kinetic and isotherm experiments were carried out at the optimum pH. It was enough to reach the adsorption equilibrium at 2 h and the maximum adsorption capacity was 4.68 mg/g under the given experimental conditions. The equilibrium data were fitted to pseudo-second-order kinetic equation. The Freundlich adsorption isotherm models were conducted for the description of the adsorption process.

Keywords

Adsorption Cr(III) GMZ bentonite pH Ionic strength Isotherms 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial supports from Natural Science Foundation of China (No.40802064, 41030748), Innovation Program of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission (12ZZ032), Shanghai Leading Academic Discipline Project (No.B308), Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department (11A010) and Kwang-Hua Fund for College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University are acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong-Gui Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yong He
    • 2
  • Wei-Min Ye
    • 1
  • Cui-hua Lin
    • 3
  • Xiong-Fei Zhang
    • 3
  • Bin Ye
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureChangsha University of Science and TechnologyChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Chemistry and Biological EngineeringChangsha University of Science and TechnologyChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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