Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 66, Issue 8, pp 2379–2385 | Cite as

Effects of antecedent soil moisture on losses of rare earth elements and phosphorus in runoff

  • Lingqing Wang
  • Tao Liang
  • Weili Wang
  • Chaosheng Zhang
Original Article

Abstract

The effects of antecedent soil moisture on losses of rare earth elements (REEs) and phosphorus (P) in runoff were evaluated through a simulated rainfall experiment at the rate of 83 mm h−1. The results revealed that antecedent moisture was a significant factor affecting the amounts of REE and P losses. It was observed that most REEs and P transported with sediments in the runoff. There was a significant correlation between the total amounts of REE losses and those of P losses in the runoff. The optimal antecedent moisture for minimization of losses for REEs ranged from 10.19 to 11.17% and it was 10.91% for P.

Keywords

Antecedent soil moisture Soil Phosphorous Rare earth elements Runoff 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was sponsored by the National Natural Scientific Foundation of China (No.40871225) and the National Key Project for Basic Research (2012CB417004). In this study the simulated rainfall experiments were conducted at Fangshan Experimental Center of Beijing Normal University. The authors thank Baoyuan Liu and Xiaofei Gao for their help in the experiments.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lingqing Wang
    • 1
  • Tao Liang
    • 1
  • Weili Wang
    • 1
  • Chaosheng Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Geography and Environmental Change InstituteNational University of IrelandGalwayIreland

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