Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 65, Issue 5, pp 1439–1457 | Cite as

Coupling hydrogeological with surface runoff model in a Poltva case study in Western Ukraine

  • Jens-Olaf DelfsEmail author
  • Frank Blumensaat
  • Wenqing Wang
  • Peter Krebs
  • Olaf Kolditz
Special Issue


This paper presents the hydrological coupling of the software framework OpenGeoSys (OGS) with the EPA Storm Water Management Model (SWMM). Conceptual models include the Saint Venant equation for river flow, the 2D Darcy equations for confined and unconfined groundwater flow, a two-way hydrological coupling flux in a compartment coupling approach (conductance concept), and Lagrangian particles for solute transport in the river course. A SWMM river–OGS aquifer inter-compartment coupling flux is examined for discharging groundwater in a systematic parameter sensitivity analysis. The parameter study involves a small perturbation (first-order) sensitivity analysis and is performed for a synthetic test example base-by-base through a comprehensive range of aquifer parametrizations. Through parametrization, the test cases enables to determine the leakance parameter for simulating streambed clogging and non-ocillatory river-aquifer water exchange rates with the sequential (partitioned) coupling scheme. The implementation is further tested with a hypothetical but realistic 1D river–2D aquifer model of the Poltva catchment, where discharging groundwater in the upland area affects the river–aquifer coupling fluxes downstream in the river course (propagating feedbacks). Groundwater contribution in the moving river water is numerically determined with Lagrangian particles. A numerical experiment demonstrates that the integrated river–aquifer model is a serviceable and realistic constituent in a complete compartment model of the Poltva catchment.


Integrated surface–subsurface flow modelling Urban water Conductance concept Sensitivity analysis Random walk particle tracking (RWPT) Poltva basin (Western Ukraine) 



This work was funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) project “IWAS—International Water Research Alliance Saxony” (Project No. 02WM1027).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jens-Olaf Delfs
    • 1
    Email author
  • Frank Blumensaat
    • 2
  • Wenqing Wang
    • 1
  • Peter Krebs
    • 2
  • Olaf Kolditz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental InformaticsHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, UFZ LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Urban Water ManagementTechnical University of DresdenDresdenGermany

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