Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 589–595 | Cite as

Effectiveness of a new organic polymer sand-fixing agent on sand fixation

  • Jin Liu
  • Bin ShiEmail author
  • Yi Lu
  • Hongtao Jiang
  • He Huang
  • Gonghui Wang
  • Toshitaka Kamai
Original Article


Sand erosion due to wind is a serious problem in the relatively arid and semiarid areas. A new organic polymer sand-fixing agent (PVIN), polymerized by the monomer of vinyl acetate, initiator and cross-linking agent, is introduced in this study. To understand the effect of PVIN on sand fixation, the strength test, water-retaining test and wind erosion test were performed. The results indicated that the presence of PVIN could improve the structural strength, water retaining and anti-wind erosion ability. When the sand-fixing agent was applied on the sand surface, the crust in surface layer was produced. The structural strength variations determined by micropenetrometer indicated that the specimens treated with concentrations of 1, 3, 5, 10, and 20% PVIN have produced the crusts with thickness being approximately 1, 2, 4–5, 5, and 5–6 mm and the strength being around 1, 4.5, 18, 26 and 41, respectively. This crust has a good water-absorption, water-retaining and anti-evaporation properties. It can also improve the anti-wind erosion ability, and also prevent the loose sand surface from forming a sand dune in the wind erosion conditions. Additionally, this sand-fixing agent has a low cost, it is easier to produce and apply and also produces no additional pollution. Therefore, this can be considered as an ideal soil-fixing agents to control sand erosion in the relatively arid and semiarid areas.


Sand-fixing agent Surface strength Water-retaining ability Wind erosion control 



This research is financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 40672181), the State Key Program of National Natural Science of China (Grant No. 40730739) and the Scientific Research Foundation of Graduate School of Nanjing University (Grant No. 2009CL10). The authors are grateful to Dr. Debi Prasanna Kanungo, Scientist, Central Building Research Institute (CSIR), India, for his comments and suggested corrections to improve this paper. The authors would also like to acknowledge the editors and reviewers of this paper for their very helpful comments and valuable remarks.

Supplementary material

12665_2011_1106_MOESM1_ESM.doc (545 kb)
Supplementary material (DOC 545 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jin Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Bin Shi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yi Lu
    • 2
  • Hongtao Jiang
    • 3
  • He Huang
    • 4
  • Gonghui Wang
    • 5
  • Toshitaka Kamai
    • 5
  1. 1.School of Earth Sciences and EngineeringHohai UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.School of Earth Sciences and EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.School of Geographic and Oceanographic SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.School of Earth and Environmental SciencesAnhui University of Science and TechnologyHuainanChina
  5. 5.Research Centre on Landslides, Disaster Prevention Research InstituteKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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