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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 63, Issue 5, pp 955–967 | Cite as

Interrelationship of TOC, As, Fe, Mn, Al and Si in shallow alluvial aquifers in Chapai-Nawabganj, Northwestern Bangladesh: implication for potential source of organic carbon

  • A. H. M. Selim Reza
  • Jiin-Shuh Jean
  • Ming-Kuo Lee
  • Shang-De Luo
  • Jochen Bundschuh
  • Hong-Chun Li
  • Huai-Jen Yang
  • Chia-Chuan Liu
Original Article

Abstract

Two boreholes and ten piezometers in the Ganges flood plain were drilled and installed for collecting As-rich sediments and groundwater. Groundwater samples from the Ganges flood plain were collected for the analysis of cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, Na+), anions (Cl, NO3 , SO4 2−), total organic carbon (TOC), and trace elements (As, Mn, Fe, Sr, Se, Ni, Co, Cu, Mo, Sb, Pb). X-ray powder diffraction was performed to characterize the major mineral contents of aquifer sediments and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) to analyze the major chemical composition of alluvial sediments. Results of XRF analysis clearly show that fine-grained sediments contain higher amounts of trace element because of their high surface area for adsorption. Relative fluorescence index (15–38 QSU) of humic substance in groundwater was measured using spectrofluorometer, the results revealed that groundwater in the Ganges flood plain contains less organic matter (OM). Arsenic concentration in water ranges from 2.8 to 170 μg/L (mean 50 μg/L) in the Ganges flood plain. Arsenic content in sediments ranges from 2.1 to 14 mg/kg (mean 4.58 mg/kg) in the flood plains. TOC ranges from 0.49 to 3.53 g/kg (mean 1.64 g/kg) in the Ganges flood plain. Arsenic is positively correlated with TOC (R 2 = 0.55) in sediments of this plain. Humic substances were extracted from the sediments from the Ganges flood plain. Fourier transform infrared analysis of the sediments revealed that the plain contains less humic substances. The source of organic carbon was assigned from δ13C values obtained using elemental analysis-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (EA-IRMS); the values (−10 to −29.44‰) strongly support the hypothesis that the OM of the Ganges flood plain is of terrestrial origin.

Keywords

Arsenic Organic matter Bangladesh Ganges flood plain Spectrofluorometer 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the National Science Council of Taiwan for the financial support of this research (NSC98-2627-M-006-004).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. M. Selim Reza
    • 1
  • Jiin-Shuh Jean
    • 1
  • Ming-Kuo Lee
    • 2
  • Shang-De Luo
    • 1
  • Jochen Bundschuh
    • 3
    • 1
  • Hong-Chun Li
    • 1
  • Huai-Jen Yang
    • 1
  • Chia-Chuan Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Geology and GeographyAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  3. 3.Institute of Applied ResearchUniversity of Applied SciencesKarlsruheGermany

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