Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 643–653 | Cite as

Seismic hazard assessment for Mymensingh, Bangladesh

  • Jiban K. Sarker
  • Mehedi Ahmed Ansary
  • Md. S. Rahman
  • A. M. M. Safiullah
Original Article


Mymensingh municipality lies in one of the most earthquake-prone areas of Bangladesh. The town was completely destroyed during the Great Indian Earthquake of 12 June 1897, for which the surface-wave magnitude was 8.1. In this study the 1897 Great Indian Earthquake was used as a scenario event for developing seismic microzonation maps for Mymensingh. For microzonation purposes SPT data from 87 boreholes were collected from different relevant organizations. To verify those data ten boreholes of depth up to 30 m were drilled. Intensity values obtained for different events were calibrated against attenuation laws to check applicability to the study area. Vibration characteristics at diverse points of the study area were estimated by employing the one-dimensional wave-propagation software SHAKE. SHAKE discretizes the soil profile into several layers and uses an iterative technique to represent the non-linear behavior of the soil by adjusting the material properties at each iteration step. The required input information includes depth, shear wave velocity, damping factor, and unit weight of each soil layer. The liquefaction resistance factor and the resulting liquefaction potential were estimated to quantify the severity of liquefaction. Quantification of secondary site effects and the weighting scheme for combining the various seismic hazards were heuristic, based on judgment and expert opinion.


Liquefaction Microzonation Site amplification Seismic risk 


  1. Alam MK (1988) Geology of Madhupur Tract and its adjoining areas in Bangladesh. Geol surv Bangladesh Rec 5:23Google Scholar
  2. Alam MK, Hassan AKMS, Khan MR, Whitney JW (1990) Geological Map of Bangladesh. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Geological Survey of BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  3. Arya A (2000) Non-engineered construction in developing countries—an approach toward earthquake risk prediction. In: Proceedings of 12th WCEE, No. 2824Google Scholar
  4. Bilham R, Gaur VK, Molnar P (2001) Himalayan seismic hazard. Science 293:1442–1444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boore D, Joyner W, Fumal TE (1997) Equation for estimating horizontal response spectra and peak acceleration from Western North American Earthquakes: a summary of recent work. Seism Res Lett 68(1):128–153Google Scholar
  6. Coleman JM (1969) Brahmaputra river-channel processes and sedimentation. Sed Geol 3(2/3):131–239Google Scholar
  7. Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB) (1990) Geological map of BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  8. Islam MK, Hassan M, Majlis ABK, Nizamuddin M (1995) Structure and tectonics of the eastern part of the Jamuna Valley, Bangladesh: a tectono–geomorphic approach. Bangladesh J Geol 14:15–23Google Scholar
  9. Islam MK, Hassan M, Majlis ABK, Alam AKMK (2006) Geoarchaeology of Wari-Bateshwar Area, Narsingdi District, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J Geol 25:1–12Google Scholar
  10. Iwasaki T, Tokida K, Tatsuoka F, Watanabe S, Yasuda S, Sato H (1982) Microzonation for soil liquefaction using simplified methods. In: Proceedings of the Third International Earthquake Microzonation Conference. Seattle, Washington 3:1319–1330Google Scholar
  11. Joyner WB, Boore DW (1988) Measurement, characterization and prediction of strong ground motion. In Proc. ASCE Conf. Earthquake Eng. Soil Dyn., Park City, Utah, 43–102Google Scholar
  12. Juang CH, Elton DJ (1991) Use of fuzzy sets for liquefaction susceptibility zonation. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Seismic Zonation, Stanford, CA. 25–29 August 1991 II:629–636Google Scholar
  13. Khan ASA (2004) Geotechnical characteristics of an alluvial deposit: case of Mymensingh Town, M. Engineering Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  14. Kiremidjian AS (1992) Methods for regional damage estimation. In: Proceedings of the 10th World’s Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Madrid, Spain. 19–24 July 1992Google Scholar
  15. Kiremidjian AS, King SA, Sugito M, Shah HC (1991) Simple site dependent ground motion parameters for the San Francisco Bay Region, The John A Blume Earthquake Engineering Center Report No. 97, Department of Civil Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CAGoogle Scholar
  16. Korkmaz AK (2009) Earthquake disaster risk assessment and evaluation for Turkey. Environ Geol 57:307–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McGuire R (1978) Seismic ground motion parameters relations. J Geotech Div ASCE 104:461–490Google Scholar
  18. Molnar P, Tapponier P (1975) Cenozoic tectonics of Asia, effects of a continental collision. Science 189(8):419–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Morgan JP, McIntire (1959) Quaternary geology of Bengal basin, East Pakistan and India. Bull Geol Soc America 70:319–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rahman MS (2006) Seismic loss estimation for Mymensingh Town, M. Engineering Thesis, BUET, Dhaka-1000Google Scholar
  21. Sadigh K, Egan J, Youngs R (1986) Specification of ground motion for seismic design of long period structures. Earthquake Notes, Volume 57(1), p 13Google Scholar
  22. Schnabel PB, Lysmer J, Seed HB (1972) SHAKE—a computer Program for Earthquake Response Analysis of Horizontally Layered Sites, Earthquake Engineering Research Centre Report 72-12, University of California, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  23. Schneider P, Schauer B (2005) An earthquake risk assessment tool for Turkey, HAZTURK strategies for earthquake loss estimation program for Turkey, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  24. Seed HB, Idriss IM (1971) Simplified procedure for evaluating liquefaction potential. ASCE J Soil Mech Found Div SM9:1249–1273Google Scholar
  25. Sharfuddin M (2001) Earthquake hazard analysis for Bangladesh, M.Sc. Engineering Thesis, BUET, Dhaka-1000Google Scholar
  26. Tamura I, Yamazaki F (2002) Estimation of S-wave velocity based on geological survey data for K-NET and Yokohama seismometer network. J Struct Mech Earthq Eng I-58(696):237–248 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  27. Trifunac MD, Brady (1975) Preliminary analysis of the peaks of earthquake strong ground motion-dependence of earthquake peaks on earthquake magnitude, epicentral distance, and recording site conditions. Bull Seismol Soc Am 1:139–162Google Scholar
  28. Youd TL (1991) Mapping of earthquake-induced liquefaction for seismic zonation. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Seismic Zonation, Stanford, CA. 25–29 August 1991, vol 1, pp 111–147Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiban K. Sarker
    • 1
  • Mehedi Ahmed Ansary
    • 1
  • Md. S. Rahman
    • 1
  • A. M. M. Safiullah
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringBUETDhakaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations