Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 399–410 | Cite as

Soil erosion modeling of a Himalayan watershed using RS and GIS

  • Ashish Pandey
  • Abhisekh Mathur
  • S. K. Mishra
  • B. C. Mal
Original Article


Employing the remote sensing (RS) and geographical information system (GIS), an assessment of sediment yield from Dikrong river basin of Arunachal Pradesh (India) has been presented in this paper. For prediction of soil erosion, the Morgan-Morgan and Finney (MMF) model and the universal soil loss equation (USLE) have been utilized at a spatial grid scale of 100 m × 100 m, an operational unit. The average annual soil loss from the Dikrong river basin is estimated as 75.66 and 57.06 t ha−1 year−1 using MMF and USLE models, respectively. The watershed area falling under the identified very high, severe, and very severe zones of soil erosion need immediate attention for soil conservation.


DEM Erosion MMF GIS Remote sensing USLE 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the technical help provided by scientists, Regional Remote Sensing Service Center, Kharagpur in carrying out this study. The authors would also like to thank the anonymous referees for useful suggestions, which led to a substantially improved manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashish Pandey
    • 1
  • Abhisekh Mathur
    • 2
  • S. K. Mishra
    • 1
  • B. C. Mal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Water Resource Development and ManagementIIT RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural and Food EngineeringIIT KharagpurKharagpurIndia

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