Genotype distribution in relation to viral load in a large cohort of Indian patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection: A retrospective analysis
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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) displays high genetic diversity, characterized by regional variations in the prevalence of genotype posing challenges to the development of vaccines and definitive treatment. Very few reports exist on the distribution and frequency change of HCV genotypes in India. In the present retrospective study, we aimed to understand the distribution pattern of HCV genotypes and viral load among HCV-infected patients attending the Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India, a tertiary care hospital.
Patients referred to the Hepatology Department from January 2009 to December 2015 were screened for this study. Eight hundred and sixty-two chronic HCV patients were included in this study. Genotyping was performed using type-specific probe-based hybridization assay and viral load was estimated by real-time polymerase chain reaction.
Out of 862 patients, genotype 1 was detected predominantly in 392 (45.5%), followed by genotype 3 in 344 (39.9%) patients; genotypes 4, 6, and 2 were detected in 115 (13.3%), 8 (0.9%), and 3 (0.3%) patients, respectively. The number of patients having genotype 1 increased in frequency while genotype 3 became less from the year 2009 to 2015. Patients having genotype 1 had significantly (p < 0.0001) higher viral load compared with the patients infected with other genotypes.
KeywordsHCV genotyping Hepatitis C virus Viral RNA
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
BRP, RMM, HD, ST, NRP, MS, and NRD declares that there are no conflicts of interest. The study protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board.
The authors declare that the study was performed in a manner conforming to the Helsinki declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 and 2008 concerning human and animal rights, and the authors followed the policy concerning informed consent as shown on Springer.com.
The authors are solely responsible for the data and the content of the paper. In no way, the Honorary Editor-in-Chief, Editorial Board Members, or the printer/publishers are responsible for the results/findings and content of this article.
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