Indian Journal of Gastroenterology

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 301–307 | Cite as

Fecal microbiota transplantation for management of Clostridium difficile infection

  • Chetana Vaishnavi
Review Article


The widespread use of antibiotics has led Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) to become a common problem with pronounced medical and economic effects. The recurrence of CDI after treatment with standard antibiotics is becoming more common with the emergence of more resistant strains of C. difficile. As CDI is an antibiotic-associated disease, further treatment with antibiotic is best avoided. As the gut flora is severely disturbed in CDI, approaches that restore the gut microbiota may become good alternative modes of CDI therapies. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is the procedure of transplantation of fecal bacteria from a healthy donor individual into a patient for restoration of the normal colonic flora. Thus, FMT helps in the eradication of C. difficile and resolution of clinical symptoms such as diarrhea, cramping, and urgency. Though this approach to treatment is not new, presently, it has become an alternative and promising way of combating infections. The procedure is not in regular use because of the time required to identify a suitable donor, the risk of introducing opportunistic pathogens, and a general patient aversion to the transplant. However, FMT is gaining popularity because of its success rate as a panacea for recurrent attacks of CDI and is being increasingly used in clinical practice. This review describes the rationale, the indications, the results, the techniques, the potential donors, the benefits as well as the complications of fecal microbiota instillation to CDI patients in order to restore the normal gut flora.


Donors Dysbiosis Methods Rationale 


Conflict of interest

CV does not have any conflict of interest to declare.


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Copyright information

© Indian Society of Gastroenterology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyPostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia

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