Endoscopic observations around the gastroesophageal junction in patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease in South Asia
We studied the inter-relationships of endoscopic findings around the gastroesophageal junction in patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux.
Data were collected with regard to hiatus hernia (HH), columnar-lined esophagus (CLE), reflux esophagitis (RE) and gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV), prospectively from 1,150 patients who underwent diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux.
The frequency of HH, CLE and RE was 14.3% (n = 165), 9.5% (n = 109) and 13.3% (n = 153), respectively. In the CLE group, 48 were histologically proven to have Barrett’s esophagus. Of all RE patients, 94.8% had mild esophagitis (LA-A and B) and this was associated with younger age, male gender, presence of HH, and grade 3 or 4 gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV). Grades 3 and 4 GEFV were associated with HH, CLE, and RE.
Substantial proportion of patients with symptoms of GERD has abnormal endoscopic findings around the gastroesophageal junction.
KeywordsColumnar-lined esophagus Endoscopy Gastroesophageal flap valve Hiatus hernia Reflux esophagitis
Conflict of interests
- 10.Lee JY, Hong WK, Sohn KM, et al. Prevalence and clinical characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux disease and reflux esophagitis in Chuncheon city: health care examination study. Korean J Med. 2008;74:385–90.Google Scholar