Localized Oral Histoplasmosis in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Rare Occurrence with Review of the Literature
- 3 Downloads
Histoplasmosis is a deleterious mycotic infection resulted from inhalation of dimorphic saprophytic fungi Histoplasma capsulatum. This infection is endemic in certain areas of USA, Brazil, Indonesia, Australia and Malaysia but relatively uncommon in India [1, 2]. It primarily affects respiratory system and rarely affects oral mucosa and other mucosal cavities. An oral lesion is mainly incorporated with disseminated histoplasmosis (DH) and is rarely seen as localized or primary lesion. DH is usually found in severely immunocompromised patients . Here, we report an immunocompetent patient who presented with localized oral histoplasmosis without any systemic involvement.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- 2.Padhye AA, Pathak AA, Katkar VJ, Hazare VK, Kaufman L (1994) Oral histoplasmosis in India: a case report and an overview of cases reported during 1968–1992. J Med Vet Mycol Bi-Mon Publ Int Soc Hum Anim Mycol 32:93–103Google Scholar
- 5.Ramachandran S, Balan A (2007) Oral histoplasmosis—a case report and review. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol 1(19):300Google Scholar
- 7.Gulia J, Hooda A (2010) Isolated histoplasmosis of tongue: a case report with review of the literature. Internet J Dermatol 8(2):1–5Google Scholar
- 8.Gupta N, Vyas SP, Kothari DC (2015) Primary histoplasmosis of oral mucosa: a rare case report. Int J Dent Med Res 1:3Google Scholar
- 10.Garg A, Wadhera R, Gulati SP, Kalrat R, Singh S (2011) Tongue histoplasmosis mimicking malignancy. J Assoc Physicians India 59:591–592Google Scholar