Current Orthognathic Practice in India: Do We Need to Change?

  • Philip MathewEmail author
  • Paul C. Mathai
  • Jisha David
  • Usha Shenoy
  • Rahul Tiwari
Invited Review Article


The last decade or so has seen paradigm shifts in the various aspects of orthognathic surgery. A lot of these changes are to do with digitalization of the orthodontic-surgical workflow, optimization of surgery-first protocols, virtual surgical planning-based 3D printing solutions and changing patient-health-care dynamics. The aim of this article is to provide evidence-based recommendations that are both practical and economically viable for the current orthognathic practice in India.


Trends Orthognathic surgery Evolution India Change 



I would like to acknowledge Professor Dr. Varghese Mani and Professor Dr. H.S. Adenwala for mentoring me throughout my surgical career. I would like to acknowledge two India-based Virtual Surgical Planning Companies for providing us with information regarding surgical planning: and



Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Mathew
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paul C. Mathai
    • 1
  • Jisha David
    • 1
  • Usha Shenoy
    • 2
  • Rahul Tiwari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Maxillofacial SurgeryJubilee Mission Medical CollegeThrissurIndia
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyJubilee Mission Medical CollegeThrissurIndia

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