Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 125–130 | Cite as

Quantitative Assessment of the Edentulous Posterior Maxilla for Implant Therapy: A Retrospective Cone Beam Computed Tomographic Study

  • Ninad Milind PadhyeEmail author
  • Neel B. Bhatavadekar
Original Article



Dimensional changes of the alveolar bone are often noted in horizontal and vertical planes as a sequel to tooth extraction, particularly in the maxillary posterior region due to alveolar bone resorption combined with pneumatization of the sinus. The aim of this retrospective study was to quantitatively assess the maxillary residual alveolar ridge using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans.

Materials and methods

A total of 349 edentulous sites from 250 CBCTs were evaluated. The apico-coronal bone height and bucco-palatal crest width were measured in sagittal and coronal slices, respectively. Additionally, the obliqueness of the sinus floor at the edentulous sites was also evaluated.


One hundred and twelve (55.45%) of the molar and 74 (54.42%) of the premolar sites had a horizontal ridge dimension < 6 mm, whereas 137 (67.83%) of the molar and 61 (44.86%) of the premolar sites showed an apico-coronal height < 8 mm. Furthermore, 183 (54.14%) of the evaluated sites had an oblique sinus floor morphology.


Additional augmentative procedures are thus required in a high percentage of the population at the edentulous maxillary posterior site for rehabilitation using a standard dimension implant. This study stresses on the need for a three-dimensional CBCT prior to implant surgery for proper treatment planning.


Cone bean computed tomography Implant Maxilla Sinus 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ceramco Dental CareMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Clarus Dental SpecialtiesPuneIndia
  3. 3.Adjunct FacultyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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